NEWS ARCHIVE: JANUARY 2008

January 31, 2008 Webpage "The National park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"" To protect the Bialowieza Forest stronger in the future

The Wilderness Protection Zone of the most titled national park of Belarus – Belovezhskaya Pushcha - can be enlarged up to 100.000 hectares. It makes 30,000 hectares for today, somewhat less fifth of the total area of the entire primeval forest in the Belarusian part of the Pushcha.

The management of the National Park has initiated an idea to reconsider the zoning scheme which was supported by scientists because the main task is to protect Belovezhskaya Pushcha, a World Natural Heritage Site and our national treasure. If to put into the scale the material welfare gained from the economic activity and so-called social priorities gained from preservation of biodiversity of Belovezhskaya Pushcha, it seems the last will be weightier.

Ecological and economic substantiations for protection of a forest as the main "reactor" on producing oxygen and defence of grounds from destructive climate disasters are often mentioned. As to forests of Belovezhskaya Pushcha, they produce as much oxygen as it is enough that all citizens of our country could breathe. Belovezhskaya Pushcha is an original natural filter through which polluted air passes, especially from the west.

Belovezhskaya Pushcha also plays a large role for development of tourism in the country. A man of our time tries to be close to a nature, to last islands of the ancient woods that to be delighted in its primordial beauty and to feel power and greatness of divine creation. This is the oldest forest of Europe which average age is, if to count all trees from youngest to oldest, about hundred years. There are also a lot of giant trees and species listed in a Red Data Book there. This is, not without reason, why Belovezhskaya Pushcha is considered "a junction" in which biodiversity features concentration. Almost all species living in our country, with some exceptions, can actually be seen there. Those who visited the Pushcha couldn't leave this forest being an outside observer without feelings to the life of its inhabitants like bison, deer, elks, wild boars and others both small and large animals. Everyone could be pleased to meet harmonies and diversity of fauna and flora. The forests, such as this, are actually absent in the world, so, therefore, it is important to save these island remnants of the primitive state, a part of our past…

"The management of the National park unequivocally is for extension of the strictly protected zone", Nikolai Bambiza, the director general of the National park, makes the ultimate statement in the conversation. "The area designed for stronger mode of protection of Belovezhskaya Pushcha should considerably be enlarged to the date of celebration of the 600th anniversary since first historical protection (this celebration will be in 2009). And our proposals on making changes into the project of forest management, I am sure, will be accepted. Of course, those who have got used to prejudice against all things which are doing in the National park will be in hurry with their comments in this respect. It's clear as they need to justify their "vigorous" activity in any way.

Nikolai Bambiza has said that in the nearest plans an appeal to the UNESCO to enter the fen mire "Dikoe" (Wild) into the List of World Heritage Site will be made. Actually, there are no more virginal bogs in Europe. In our country they were destroyed because of land-improvement in 60 to 70-s, like it was earlier done in Western Europe. The bogs "Sporovskoe" and "Zvanets" which are under the Ramsar Convention are the most known of the remained ones in our country. The bog "Dikoe" is of the transition situation between fen mires and swamps is situated on the watershed and it was under little human impact. The Aquatic Warbler, a rare bird species, as well as unique species of plants, amphibians and other representatives of flora and fauna are living there. And, therefore, it is worthy to became a part of natural monuments of world-wide importance.

Taisia Skuratova
Photo by Alexei Bunevich
January 30, 2008 Webpage "The National park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"" Deer to resettle

Annually when the winter comes, "a great resettlement" of red deer to new places begins in Belovezhskaya Pushcha. This year is not out of the rules. Fauna of Belarusian woodlands will again be enriched by this most beautiful species of animals.

Red deer in Russian has got its name "noble" because this is the majestic species which graceful carriage and impetuous run stand out it against other wild animals. There is a wish to admire them as they are completely not aggressive. Even a fantastic Grandfather Frost harnesses it to a magic sledge.

About hundred animals is planned to move to timber enterprises of the country. It is difficult to catch an animal in the warm winter with low snow, such as this. Natural forage is not hidden under thickness of snowdrifts and, therefore, deer do not hurry up to eat man-made forage spreading out in cage-traps.

Nevertheless, the first group of beautiful animals from the Pushcha was already delivered to the Belynichi district of the Mogilyov region. Foresters and huntsmen help new settlers to acclimatize them in new habits. In few years a small herd will increase by youngs which native land will already be the Belynichi timber enterprise. However, independently of the place of resettlement, the start of the genealogy of the deer remains the famous Belovezhskaya Pushcha.

Taisia Skuratova
Photo by Alexei Bunevich
January 30, 2008 Webpage "The National park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"" A wild boar has run by

The annual inventory of wild animals of Belovezhskaya Pushcha is going these winter days. Having dispersed over all quarters in the forest, experts, huntsmen, foresters and scientific employees count many and what animal are living in the reserved area.

Going through deep corners of the wild forest, they quite often find dangerous tackles of poachers. For example, in the village of Dvortsy, the forest guard has been on beat in the quarters 19 of the Rechitsa forest area and has found out metal loops, certainly, to catch a big animal, not a hare. Nearby traces of a wild boar were well visible on snow. It has run beside the loop. The bill was fortunate to avoid death. Most of all, the wild boar has not taken the fancy of free-of-charge corn silage from a collective farm scattered around by a poacher.

However, Grigoriy S., a villager from the village of Dvortsy of the Kamenets district and a cattleman of the local agricultural farm, had no time to check his loops up in order to catch any animal or not, he was attacked by a barking sheep-dog. He was exactly chosen among few men. It turned out that the war-dog had keen sense of smell. Not without reason, White, that's the dog's name, served the state border and met "tourists" from Asia, tried "imperceptibly" to penetrate through a wire in the EU. When the frontier guard gave the dog to the National park, they knew that they will not be ashamed for White.

What is about a shame from those who jeopardize not only our smaller brothers but also people when using their barbarous methods of catching animals? Experienced hunters can tell much about how they or their familiar were caught in crow's-foots and traps set up by poachers, and met self-shooting weapon.

In the villages, treatment of poachers is a bit fear as it is well known about their business. One walking in the forest can be careful with running into any devilry, instead of mushrooms. However, peasants do not want to quarrel with each other and therefore make no complaint. The forest protection guard of Belovezhskaya Pushcha and forest workers are basically those who have directly to find and "to neutralize" infringers of the regulations on nature protection.

The owner of the traps, after he was found by the dog White, did not deny his participation in the poaching act. He has frankly confessed to a crime and has told a well-known fairy tale from the childhood about a fox and a cap made from its fur. He said he wanted to catch a red little rogue (it means a fox) and to sew a new cap because the old one is absolutely worn.

However, if even to believe in the fairy tale, this does not reduce the penalty set for illegal hunting in the restricted place and made in the forbidden way. The decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus No 581 provides the punishment for this infringement from 20 to 50 base amounts. In any case, the new fox cap costs(stands) in shop much more cheaply. Whatever the case the new cap made from the fox fur costs in a shop much cheaper.

Sergei Dyagel, the head of the guard of the National park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"
Taisia Skuratova
January 29, 2008 Webpage "DATE.BY" Management plans for wetlands are developed in Belarus

By the end of 2008, management plans for five protected areas of special purposes - "Osveiskiy", "Elnya", "Srednaya Pripyat", "Prostyr" and the bog "Dikoe" on the territory of Belovezhskaya Pushcha - which are on a Ramsar List of International Importance's Wetlands will be developed. Boris Yaminskiy, a senior researcher of the Institute of Zoology of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Belarus, has informed about this during the press conference in Minsk on January 29 as the BelaPAN News Agency writes.

He said that the aim of the management plans for protected areas of special purposes is to liquidate or to minimize consequences from negative factors. In order to reveal these factors, the management plan should contain the complete description of wetlands, namely the geographical, ecological and biological conditions of the area, a list of unique and rare species and threats to their existence.

Boris Yaminskiy has noted that protection of the areas of wild nature, development of scientific investigations on these territories and conducting ecological monitoring are the basic tasks of the management plan. Besides, the opportunities of sustainable use of the areas of special purposes - in the fields of ecological tourism and recreation, for ecological education and others – are available in the document. The management plan is also targeted to coordinate and to optimize relations between parties dealing with especially protected natural areas - bodies of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Protection of Belarus, local authorities, farmers, scientific organizations and local population.

"A management plan is the way worldwide recognized to preserve landscape and biological diversity", Boris Yaminskiy has emphasized. He said that in Belarus there were developed two management plans for wetlands for this time - for the protected areas of special purposes "Sporovskiy" and "Zvanets".

"The problem of conservation of wetlands is very topical for Belarus. This problem was shifted last years as one of the priorities in the system of protection of the environment", Natalia Minchenko, the head of the Specialized Inspection of the State Control for |Fauna Use and Protection, Hunting Management and Wilderness Protection Conditions at the Ministry of Nature Protection, has noted. She said that this is connected with the big proportion of water areas and with big diversity of wet and marsh ecological systems in Belarus.

According to Natalia Minchenko, the area of bogs in Belarus makes now 1.7 million hectares. This is twice as much as the surface of the same territories in the most of other countries.

Belarusian News
January 23, 2008 Website "Naviny.by" Ukrainian ecologists to ask the President Lukashenko to make protection of bison in Belarus better

Ukrainian ecologists have addressed to Alexander Lukashenko with the request to improve the situation regarding protection of bison in Belarus. Vladimir Boreiko, an ecologist and the director of the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Centre (KECC), has informed to the BelaPAN News Agency that an appropriate letter was directed to the Administration of the President on January 22.

According to Vladimir Boreiko, the Ukrainian ecologists ask to ban a trophy hunting for bison in Belarus and to remove division of these animals into the "basic" and "reserved" funds (groups). This division was made by the decision of the Council of Ministers of Belarus on October 27, 2007, No 1408 "On some issues of protection and rational use of bison".

According to Vladimir Boreiko, bison from the "reserve" fund (exhausted if this exhaustion lasts more than half a year, ill, injured, females older 18, males older 14, migrating males and some other animals) can be an object for commercial hunting in Belarus that is inadmissible. "If an animal is listed in a Red Data Book, it unequivocally means that the animal is under proper protection and it is protected from commercial use regardless of whether the animal lives within the territory of reserves or it lives in other places, whether is sick or healthy", Vladimir Boreiko considers.

According to the ecologist, about 20 official sanctions for shooting bison are annually given out in Belarus and about 15 sanctions are realized. Thus, it is the Boreiko's opinion, the number of the annually perishing bison can be much more. First, several bison can be shot by using one sanction. Besides, there are precedents of poaching for the animals and cases of their death when they fall into rivers. "Any hunt is ecologically dangerous to a species of animal which yet has not restored its number and the species can vanish from the planet Earth at any instant", the ecologist has emphasized.

The Ukrainian ecologists also ask to carry out the real inventory of bison. According to Vladimir Boreiko, the officially announced number of bison in Belarus which by the beginning of 2007 was 730 animals is overestimated very much. According to the expert, it is quite easy to carry out the real inventory of the quantity of animals in the winter period - "Such large animals as bison are well visible from a helicopter".

According to Vladimir Boreiko, about two thousand bison is totaled in the world and a bit more than one thousand of them are living in the wild environment. He has emphasized that bison is in an International Red Data List, in a European Red Data List and in a National Red Data books of those countries where this species is still kept.

BelaPAN News Agency
January 23, 2008 Website "Saint Nickolai's Orthodox Parish in Bialowieza" Honey from Bialowieza Forest can be in a CU List of protected products (Poland)

Already within two years "the Bialowieza lime-white honey" is in a National List of Traditional Products. This honey is produced from nectar of small-leaf lime trees kept in the Bialowieza Forest. It is of specific colour, taste and smell, of very low water contents and sucrose. Beekeepers from the area of the Bialowieza Forest want to produce this kind of honey according to a centuries-old tradition, namely without heating, filtering and creaming. In the regional management of the city of Bialystok, representatives of the Society of Beekeepers of the area of the Bialowieza Forest, local local governments, foresters and advisers for agriculture together with employees of the Department of Geographical Marks of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development discussed about final records for entering "the Bialowieza lime-white honey" into a register of the united system of quality of foodstuff. An offer on entering a product "Sejnenski Honey" into the register also will be submitted to the European Commission. This honey is produced together with Lithuanian partners.

Informational source: www.radio.bialystok.pl
January 22, 2008 Website "The National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"" The Nature of Belovezhskaya Pushcha is unique in winter

The photo-reporting by Andrei Abramchuk and Vyacheslav Kravchuk
January 22, 2008 "Belorusskaya Niva" (The Belarusian Field) Newspaper To stop bison' attacks

The government of the Pruzhany District Executive Committee has sent a letter to the administration of the National park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" with requirement to stop damage to rape on fields which is causing by bison. If not happen, the regional "vertical" authority will require to compensate losses. Agricultural enterprises of the Pruzhany district, such as "Suhopol", "Roubitsk", "Murava" and some others, are those especially to suffer from the unbidden visitors.

Elena KOPACHEVA
January 18, 2008 BP-21 Century Website News Service BP-21 Live-Journal: How to save the planet Earth, civilization, himself:
the Live-Journal by Heorhi Kazulka to be launched in the Internet
(In Rissuan)

This is the new project which purpose is to make better people's understanding regarding our problems and to change the present way of development which is at a deadlock. This project plans to gather and to unit a plenty of people not indifferent to the problems who will not just read but also write their responses, opinions and points of view. This will help us for better understanding the problems and better solving them.

Why is nature vanishing? Why are people poor, sick and unhappy? Why, why, why …?
How to change the situation to the best? How to change the people's consciousness? How to prevent the eco-catastrophe? How to reach happiness? How, how, how …?
The answers to these and many other questions will be discussed in the Live-Journal "How to save the planet Earth, civilization, himself
".

I ask to support this project and to take part in the discussions.
To do this you have to press on "To leave the comment" at the end of the text and to state your opinion.
(The Note. If there are any problems concerning downloading through Explorer, please use another browser software)
If you wish to write more and to place the letter in the Live-Journal as a separate theme, this is also possible.

Agree that progressive and active people, such as you, are not numerous around and there are no hope to wait for someone. So, if you are not this man who is else?!

I do hope to get your support and live participation
Heorhi Kazulka
Belovezhskaya Pushcha
http://bp21.livejournal.com/
January 18, 2008 website "TUT.BY" Inhabitants of Belovezhskaya Pushcha to eat neighbours out of house and home

Employees of five agricultural enterprises of the Pruzhany district of the Brest region are not glad of neighbourhood of the remarkable natural monument and the unique reserve "Belovezhskaya Pushcha". They regularly suffer from invasion of bison, wild boars and deer.

Maria Stepaniuk, the head of the Department of Agriculture and Foodstuff of the District Executive Commette, has informed to the BelaPAN Information News Agency that from the beginning of winter they almost daily have to banish sometimes 80 inhabitants of Belovezhskaya Pushcha from fields with winter rape and winter grain-crops of these enterprises because the animals cause significant damage to cereals.

"Unbidden visitors are already so active on the fields for the third winter. We explain this because of increasing in the number of these animals and because of extension of the territory of the reserve. In particular, bison come to feeding-rack installations located nearby the farmland and then they continue to be feeding on fields of the agricultural enterprises", Maria Stepaniuk has added.

As she said it is difficult to calculate the damage caused by bison, wild boars and deer this winter. In 2007, it was over one hundred million Roubles (~ 50,000 US $). "We already wrote about this problem to the administration of the National park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" for many times. The situation is not yet changed", Maria Stepaniuk has specified.

Larisa SHIGANOVA
January 10, 2008 Website "BelTA" Nikolay Domashkevich has been appointed the Manager of the Property Management Department of the President of Belarus

Nikolay Domashkevich, the BelTA's photo - click to enlarge in the new window
Nikolay Djmashkevich
January 10, Minsk/BelTA/. Aleksandr Lukashenko, the President of the Republic of Belarus has appointed Nikolay Domashkevich the Manager of the Property Management Department of the President of the Republic of Belarus and has relieved Aleksandr Kulichkov of his post because of his retirement. This information was given to BelTA from the press-service of the Belarusian leader.

The press-service of the President of the Republic of Belarus
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You can read more detailed about managers of the Property Management Department of the President of the Republic of Belarus and about the policy of the Property Management Department of the President of Belarus for the last thirteen years in publication (in Russian) "Domashkevich to be returned. The presidential manager Aleksandr Kulichkov to be retired".
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This news is placed on the BP-21 Century website because all Belarusian national parks and the Berezinski Biosphere Reserve are subordinated to the Property Management Department of the President and the appointment of the new Manager of the President theoretically can cause changes in the management line of Belarusian protected areas. The note by the BP-21 Century website's editor
January 10, 2007 BP21 Century Website News Service Kaleidoscope of information
January 09, 2008 Website "BelTA" A file on monuments of architecture of the city of Polotsk will be submitted to the UNESCO's Centre of World Heritage Sites in coming days

A file on architectural monuments of Polotsk as a candidate to be entering into a UNESCO's List of World Cultural and Natural Heritage Sites is ready, Tamara Dzhumantaeva, the deputy director for science of the National Polotsk Museum-Reserve of History and Culture, has informed the BelTA's correspondent.

As she said, the file called "Material embodiment of a spiritual heritage of Evfrosiniya Polotsk" will be submitted to the UNESCO's Centre of World Heritage Sites in the near future. It is proposed to inscribe on the honourable List the Spaso-Preobrazhenskaya Church of the Polotsk Spaso-Evfrosinievskiy Monastery, the Sofia Cathedral and also historical territories which, together with architectural monuments, are connected to the name the Orthodox Sacred Evfrosiniya Polotsk.

Tamara Dzhumantaeva has reminded that the offer on integration of several architectural and historical monuments of the Polotsk into one nomination and their entering into the UNESCO's List as the single proceeded from experts of this global organization. In 2003 they have got acquainted with the Sofia Cathedral which is the monument of architecture of the middle XI to the middle XVIII centuries and with the the middle XVIII of centuries Church of the Polotsk Spaso-Evfrosinievskiy Monastery which is the monument of architecture and monumental painting of the XII century. All of them are in the territory of the protected zone of the National Polotsk Museum-Reserve of History and Culture.

Four objects locating on the territory of Belarus - Belovezhskaya Pushcha (together with the Polish part as the object of Natural Heritage Sites), the Castle Complex "Mir", the Architectural and Cultural Complex of the Radzivily's Residence in Nesvizh and one of the objects of the Struve's Arch are now on the List of World Heritage Sites . According to the departmental program of development of culture till 2012, preparation of more five files on objects of historical and cultural heritage of Belarus to consider them by UNESCO is planned. A file on the August Channel is also prepared. "The Polesie Wooden Architecture" and "The Defensive Type's Cult Architecture of Belarus" which basic objects are located in the Vitebsk, Gomel and Grodno regions are also planned to be preparing for nomination.

The UNESCO's List of World Cultural and Natural Heritage Sites has more than 800 objects. The fact of the presence of monuments of one or another country in the List makes international prestige of the state higher and gives some economic benefits resulting from attractiveness of these objects for tourists.
January 08, 2008 Website "Saint Nickolai's Orthodox Parish in Bialowieza" The inventory of bison to start (Poland)

The annual inventory in the herd of bison has started in the Polish part of the Bialowieza Forest, Jerzy Dackiewicz, the head of the Bison Keeping Centre of the Bialowieza National Park, has informed on Tuesday.

According to his estimations, about 420 to 430 free-living bison are now in the Polish part of the Bialowieza Forest. By results of the last year's inventory there were 402 bison including 57 young ones.

Animals are basically counted in places of their winter artificial feeding. Mr. Dackiewicz has informed they could begin the inventory thanks to last snowfalls which have forced bison to make groups in feeding-rack areas. In addition, single animals are accounted on tracks.

It is not precisely known how much time the account will be lasted. However, it is the Dackiewicz's opinion, it depends on the weather - the low temperature, the faster calculation to be finished. The latest date is towards the end of February.

The source of information: www.wspolczesna.pl
January 08, 2008 Website "The Second National TV Channel "ONT"" New Year's holidays are over but Grandfather Frosts' time is still intensive

Grandfather Frost is now very busy. He works much to visit simultaneously thousands of Christmas parties. It is not a secret that every country has native Grandfather Frost. However, there is a place where they sometimes meet together. This place is Great Ustyug in Russia.

Grandfather Frosts annually make a holiday not only for themselves but also for others. One says that every time a corporate party of the Grandfathers is in secret and it is nearly impossible to find the place of their meeting. However, the frost party of this year was marked on a large scale – the plenty of people were invited. The Russian Grandfather Frost received congratulations in his patrimony and his old colleagues from Belarus, Ukraine, Yakutia and even from Estonia have hurried to congratulate him.

The Grandfather Frost from Belarus "I have come from Belovezhskaya Pushcha! I invite you to celebrate the 600-s anniversary of the Pushcha and I also want to hand over you a gift - annals of our Belovezhskaya Pushcha!".

Hundreds of children from the countries of the former Soviet Union including from Latvia became the visitors of Grandfather Frosts. Special trains delivered children at first in Moscow and then in the Vologda region, in the Great Ustyug. The trip, such as this, is for many pupils the first travel to so distant lands.
The boy Vitaly from Riga "It was pleasant to me that we went the farther, the food was better. And people have appeared very kind!".

The girl Irina from Daugavpils "There was so beautifully there and it wanted really to believe in a miracle!.."
The forest residence in the Great Ustyug will accept visitors – big and small - all winter long. And next year, when the great anniversary, Grandfather Frosts will meet in Belovezhskaya Pushcha and its owner, the Belarusian Grandfather Frost, promises to show much miracles hitherto unprecedented.
January 06, 2008 Website "EcoEarth.Info" Action Alert: Save Bialowieza Forest, Europe's Last Primeval Temperate Forest (Poland)

Ask the Polish government to stop exploitation of the ancient Bialowieza forest, preserve the whole complex as a national park, and end permanently extensive logging that threatens Europe's last remnant old-growth northern temperate forests.

Caption: If Europe's can't or won't protect Bialowieza Forest -- their last primeval temperate forest -- no one can; and all the world's forests, climate and biosphere are doomed

Situated on the Polish/Belarussian border, the Bialowieza Forest is a priceless relic of lowland European forests, a place where the last fragments of primeval temperate old-growth forest on the Central European lowland have survived. It is home to many species extinct elsewhere including the European Bison, the largest terrestrial mammal of Europe; and also contains lynx, wolves and other threatened wildlife and plants. Yet approximately 90% of the forest remains unprotected.

This ancient forest cathedral is an unparalleled living museum, offering Europe and the world a window into the past. In Bialowieza, we can still observe how European temperate forest ecosystems functioned without human interference. The forest's huge old trees -- with spruce as tall as 55 meters, and oaks 40 meters tall -- inspire all generations. If humanity deserves our scientific name of sapiens (reasonable) man, preservation of these unique qualities for the future should be an issue of the highest priority. This vital part of European and global historical/cultural heritage must not be lost, so we campaign yet again on the issue.

The forest had been protected as a royal hunting ground for centuries, and it was only after World War I that large-scale commercial logging began. The Bialowieza National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage site, yet protects only about 10% of the area, while commercial cutting continues in the rest. These 80 years of exploitative timber extraction have had a dramatic effect on the unprotected forests, as the share of old-growth stands has dropped to less than 20%. There is no justifiable explanation for ravaging this invaluable fragment of wilderness for the interest of just one generation. All ancient, primary forest stands will soon be gone, and the last European primeval forest will be only history.

The future of Bialowieza Forest lies in the hands of the Polish government which has the legal and financial means to arrest the devastation and to preserve the forest for the future. For many years environmental NGOs, scientists, concerned citizens in Poland and abroad have asked successive Polish governments to protect the forest, asking them to ban cutting of old growth and for enlargement of the Bialowieza National Park to protect the whole forest complex. Until now there has been little success. After the autumn elections Poland has a new government, so Ecological Internet is trying anew. Please help influence Polish politicians by sending the protest email from the webpage http://www.ecoearth.info/alerts/send.asp?id=poland.

By Forests.org, a project of Ecological Internet
January 04, 2008 "Narodnaya Gazeta" (The People’s Newspaper) Newspaper, No 1 Welcome, a quivering fallow-deer!

The Ministry of Forestry of Belarus purchases in Lithuania 120 European fallow-dear that to settle these beautiful animals in woodlands of our country. Sergei Novikon, the head of the Department of Hunting Management of the Ministry, has informed that fallow-deer will be placed in special enclosures for breeding in the Lepel and Ostrovets timber enterprises.

Fallow-deer is an even-toed mammal from the genus deer distinguished by particular speed-running and grace. It eats grasses and grain in summer and bush and tree vegetation in winter. Fallow-deer creates close-bound family, is carefully cared for the posterity and features astonishing fidelity. It is not surprising that one compares fidelity of quivering fallow-deer with to matrimonial fidelity of swans which grieve very much if one of them perishes.

This animal is rather new for Belarus. Last centuries the number of fallow-deer was small in virgin woods. In 1949 some tens of animals were totaled in the Vyalovskiy protected area of the Nalibokskaya Pushcha. Animals also could occasionally be met in Belovezhskaya Pushcha. But after a number of years fallow-deer gradually has disappeared from Belarusian forests because of increase of the number of predatory wild animals and of poaching. Now foresters and hunting managers put a task to increase its number and gradually to settle the deer in other timber enterprises of the country.

Besides, some tens animals of red deer were delivered from Belovezhskaya Pushcha to Mozyr and Molodechno timber enterprises, and also to the Mstislav local organization of the Belarusian Society of Hunters and Fishers. The moving of deer from Belovezhskaya Pushcha, such as this, is annually taking place.

At present time, together with scientists, an opportunity to settle other kinds of animals, for example, moufflon - wild ram, to other territories of the country is under investigation.
January 04, 2008 Webpage "A diary of the antiquity-lover on the Liveinternet.ru" The 4-th of January. Events...

In 1940 the State Reserve (Zapovednik) "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" is established on the territory of the West Byelorussia reunited with the Byelorussian Soviet Socialistic Republic.
January 03, 2008 "Polska.pl" One of Poland's rare lynxes probably falls prey to poachers (Poland)

One of the rare lynxes which inhabit Bialowieza Forest in southern Poland has probably fallen prey to poachers.

Foresters have found a collar with a tracking device, worn by one of the wildcats. The collar had been cut and thrown into a river. The animal had the collar for two years. Of seven wildcats had been equipped with telemetric collars in recent years only one still has the device. Around twenty lynxes live in the Polish part of the Bialowieza forest. Lynx are a protected – and fast disappearing - species in Poland. Special efforts have been launched to help recreate the lynx population. An official investigation has been started into the incident in Bialowieza.
January 03, 2007 BP21 Century Website News Service Announcement: Kaleidoscope of information - the website again makes its informational scope wider

Dear colleagues and visitors,

More and more amateur information (photos, texts, discussion) where Belovezhskaya Pushcha and other protected natural areas are mentioned is lately appearing in the cyber space. Sometimes this information is quite interesting and useful. Since this month we, therefore, have decided, as far as possible, to acquaint you with this information.

We hope that this will raise your interest to the website "Belovezhskaya Pushcha - 21 Century" and will promote better understanding of wild nature and necessity of conservation of Belovezhskaya Pushcha. This is because conservation of the Bialowieza Forest directly depends on activity, knowledge and culture of the general public, from professional level of employees of nature protection institutions and, finally, from the level of development of management of protected areas in Belarus.
Your questions, offers and information are welcomed to send to our website's address - pushcha-XXI@tut.by.

Heorhi Kazulka
Belovezhskaya Pushcha – 21 Century Project Coordinator

Kaleidoscope of information