An example of the cutting plot where everything what's possible was violated, and even more ..., 2005

Violations: Articles 26 and 27 of Belarus' Specially Protected Wilderness Territories and Sites Act, Article 55 and 63 of the Forest Code of the Republic of Belarus; the environmental balance within the protected forest, and damaging the biological diversity.

Events, facts, documents and evidence: Ecological patterns and modern advanced achievements of wilderness protection science are ignored. Conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable development of forest ecosystems are not seriously taken into consideration. Ecological-friendly technologies and methods of the forest management that are in balance with the forest environment at which the recognition of Belovezhskaya Pushcha as a World Biosphere Reserve and as a World Heritage Site are not applied. The situation is even getting worse as the low culture of works conducted by the big temporary staff and its unprofessional job level that is inadmissible within especially protected natural areas.
(This was described in details on the earlier pages, such as "Large-scale cutting of forest infected by Bark beetle, 2001 - 2002", "Continuation, 2003" and "Continuation, 2004)".


One of the cuttings areas is shown below on which all ecological violations as theoretically possible for the forest cutting down have been made.

The pine stand with a high share of spruce trees grew in the compartment 802. In 2001 a few bark beetle pests' centers appeared. Dying and already dead trees were cut down, however, it did not stop bark beetles which spread to the biggest area and caused the destruction of a part of spruce stands over 2 years there. By 2005 the bark beetle outbreak calmed down by itself, in spite of the fact that the woodcutters did all possible for its further expansion and prolongation.

The photos below demonstrate the big and enormous damage caused to the ecosystem of the relic forest from the ecologically wrong cuttings down, and at the same time to the economy of the national park from the timber left in the forest for decay.

So, that is the shape of the relic forest after cuttings down which conducted in a few reiterations within many years. We see that the ecosystem of the relic primeval forest has been completely destroyed and has been turned to the "stump" landscape of the sparse growth of trees.

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(The cutting down; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

1. Dead and lost standing trees are felled completely. Only very slender trees which are even bad for fire wood are left. (Read about the ecological substantiation of inadmissibility of such the way of the forest management here).

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(Clear cutting of dead wood; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

2. Wood-cut residuals are put together in heaps and are left at the periphery of the cutting area for natural decomposition (although, most likely, foresters had simply no time to burn them off). Wood-cut residuals have been burned off almost in the whole volume at the other parts of the cutting area. (Read about the ecological substantiation of inadmissibility of such the way of the forest management here). Sometimes good timber was also burned because of the bad fire control on the plot.

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(Wood-cut residuals to be saved;
compartment 802, September 14, 2005)
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(Wood-cut residuals to be burned; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

3. A wide strip from the logs' skidding with the maximal damage of the grassy and soil cover is left. (Read about the ecological substantiation of inadmissibility of such the way of the forest management here).

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(The skidding track; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

4. Trunks of the standing living pine trees are damaged sometimes when logs' dragging. Such damages become "a gate-entrance" for spores of bracket-fungus that can subsequently result in the premature death of the infected tree.

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(The damage to the bark; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

5. Plastic bottles thrown out by woodcutters are on the cutting area that results in the unnecessary pollution of the forest by rubbish.

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(Bottles thrown out; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

6. Furrows by using ploughs and young pine trees' plantations have been made, although the most of the seedlings will be consumed by numerous wild ungulates. (Read about the ecological substantiation of inadmissibility of such the way of the forest management in the Bialowieza Relic Forest here).
At the same time, there enough of the natural tree regeneration in the cutting area that makes the artificial afforestation unnecessary at all.

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(Furrows for seedlings; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)
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(Pine trees' natural regeneration; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)
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(Oak trees' natural regeneration; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)
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(Birch trees' natural regeneration; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)
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(Spruce (1) and aspen (2) trees' natural regeneration;
compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

That's merely the economy is already clean. These numerous photos show logs left and rotten in abundance everywhere on the forest cutting plot and the timber grouped in stacks but not taken out in the proper time, and half-rotten fire wood opportunely unsold. It can witness about crying outrage and mismanagement concerning large-scale cuttings down in the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha".

The shots below show numerous spruce trees which were felled, cut to pieces and left in the forest for decay. The bark falling off is well visible which testifies about the bad quality of the timber. Many logs have already been covered with the dense carpet of the grassy vegetation.

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(Timber left in the forest; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

These shots show trees of the big size and the good wood quality felled and cut to pieces but already became worthless.

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(Timber left in the forest; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

The cases of the timber left on the cutting area and then covered with dense and high grass vegetation are below shown. The timber left in the forest is hardly visible in the rich grass.

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(Timber left in the forest; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

A spruce tree with branches felled and left in the forest is shown here.

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(Compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

A spruce tree of the big size with the wood damaged by bracket-fungus is shown below. Its body is well visible on the cut surface of the log left in the forest. This testifies that these logs are lying there for many years, due to that the bracket-fungus had even time to produce the fungus-body.

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(Timber left in the forest;
Compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

These shots show a bracket-fungus body on the pine tree of the bid size felled and left in the forest.

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(Timber left in the forest;
Compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

These shots show stacks of fire wood which were not taken from the forest (covered by fern vegetation) and were not sold.

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(Fire wood; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

In the centre of the cutting area a part of the rotten timber of the bad quality have been cut to fire wood.

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(Fire wood; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

Logs from stacks lay close by the timber left in the forest. They were partly taken out of the forest, because of the completely rotten wood as one of the reasons.

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(The timber; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

The timber of the better quality has been selected and has been grouped in the centre of the cutting plot.

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(The timber of the better quality; compartment 802, September 14, 2005)

This example of the cutting down plot, alas, is not alone. It demonstrates to us the most shocking and worst forest management inadmissible not only within the especially protected natural territory, such as Belovezhskaya Pushcha, but even in the ordinary timber enterprise. This is because many timber enterprises in Belarus have already accepted the FCS-system of the ecological-friendly forest management. In this regards the forest management in the national park in 2000-s in comparison with timber enterprises, unfortunately, give one of the worst examples. It demonstrates the extremely low level of professionalism and in this regards is beneath criticism, to be no good at all. At the same time the image theoretically should be opposite Ц the national park should show the best model of the forest management for all other establishments as it should observe ecological rules and develop advanced, ecological-friendly methods and technologies of the forest management .