NEWS ARCHIVE: NOVEMBER 2010

November 29, 2010 Website "The National TV-Channel (ONT)" Video: A true story about forest

On Thursday, Polish foresters picketed the Ministry of Nature and of Finance in Warsaw. There are several reasons, but one thing was clear - it is time to change the legislation governing the use of forests and nature reserves. And it is pleased to note here that the experience of Poles is not averse to apply to the Belarusian colleagues. Polish foresters who studied at this week features of nature conservation and tourism development in the Bialowieza Forest are the evidence of this. The relic forest, though divided by state boundaries, is seen as a common heritage. Alexander Busco will continue.

Recently, the Polish forests are increasingly giving an episode for the press. Newspapers appear very often with headlines. In September, for example, environmentalists were on strike, and last week in Warsaw, the employees of the forest were opposed to transfer their financial deposits to the account of the Polish Ministry of Finance. However, those who are worried not only finance but also another equally important issue - the future of the Polish part of the Bialowieza Forest - were also among the strikers. Disagreements about how to preserve this unique forest for posterity does not subside in Poland for several years. If, as they say that a man is evaluated at the first meeting according to his clothes, then the Polish part of the forest outwardly makes an impression of being far of good. Sawed and fallen trees lie along the road and just simply rot, that's the first thing which catches your eye. However, the so-called absolutely strict reserve should look like this. It is the area where any person interferes in the natural life of the forest. There is just one snag to it. It does not preserve the absolute but, as it is already called by locals, it is the reserve of mismanagement - 250 meters left and right along the highway Hajnowka - Bialowieza. The area along the highway in the Polish Bialowieza Forest is really reserved. At one time, this kind of the security zone was imposed to protect the forest and to make it more attractive to visitors, but even if wanted to be better, it turned out as usual, one of the local residents Valentin Vasilyuk explains.

Valentin Vasilyuk, a businessman (Poland) "The minister has banned felling of the forest to allow it felling and lying but it has been cut along the road for safety purposes. You could pick it up but the Minister has reduced the harvesting of 150 thousand cubic meters to 40 thousand. It to harvest 150 thousand cubic meters, it would have the opportunity to take it, but 40 thousand will not give benefit. This is a very healthy forest and it can be processed. So the timber is more than a billion cubic meters in the forest.

Polish environmentalists consider that human should minimally interfere in the natural rhythm of the ecosystem. They offer virtually totally to prohibit economic activities and to expand the strict reserve onto the entire territory of the Polish forest. The ecosystem, according to environmentalists, will take care of themselves and it will restore itself if do not interfere in its life.

Jacek Vinyarski, spokesman for the society "Greenpeace" (Poland) "Foresters say they protect the forest, but such activity leads to the destruction of the primordial shape of this forest. We call for an extension of the national park and for restriction of the logging.

Many employees of the Polish forest and tens of thousands of local residents are against the expansion of the protected zone. For example, almost one hundred percent of residents in Hajnowka it is a town in the Bialowieza Forest with the population of nearly 20,000 - do not agree with the proposals of environmentalists.

Olga Rygorovich, head of the city administration of Hajnowka (Poland) "We have held public hearings and do not agree not so much with the expansion of the protected forest, as with the proposal of environmentalists who believe that the best defense is do nothing. If a hurricane will pass, or a tree will fall for some reason, or it will be cut down, then it must lie. The zone along the highway Bialowieza-Hajnowka is the example of this. Wood just simply turns to waste there. Our residents believe that it is squandering and mismanagement because they are accustomed to do this. The forest must be renewed."

In this sense, the Poles put a mechanism of timber use in the Belarusian forest as the example. The entire forest is a National Park and at the same time there are areas where human manages the life of the forest.

Valentin Vasilyuk, a businessman (Poland) "The owner on the Belarusian side is very good, starting from the top and going to bottom. The situation is quite different there. Wood is extracted there, is processed and is used for lumber or fuel in the Kamenets town, etc. Wood can be removed and it will be good for people and for the state. Using it we can build many houses, such as on the Belarusian side."

Albert Litvinovich, head of the village administration of Bialowieza, often visits the Belarusian side of the Forest. He has got something to compare. The local official and the economist by education is confident that a reasonable balance between economics and ecology should be, the more that wood is a source of income for one third of the population of the village.

Albert Litvinovich, head of the village administration of Bialowieza (Poland) "It is necessary to seek a compromise, middle ground, concerning how many trees to keep and how much process. If everything is banned, then 600 people will be unemployed and they come to me for allowance. Hearts of the people who lived and worked for decades in the forest bleeds when they see it. If before it was going like this in the territory of the forester, he would be instantly removed from office because it's wasteful! In this sense, your experience is interesting."

By the way, the protected regime of the Belarusian Bialowieza Forest found to be effective throughout Europe. The distance from here to the Polish part of the Forest is some several kilometers. It would seem that these are the same trees, the same oaks, spruces, pines, but in Belarus the forest is managed in a businesslike way. Human intervenes in the life of the forest when they were necessary. Let's give at least this example. Several years ago, a strong hurricane was here. Then old trees were taken out and now a new planting is in their place.

Deforestation in the Belarusian part of the Forest is entirely of the sanitary character, plus so-called cuttings down for enlightenment that trees do not grow too close and do not interfere with each other. As for hunting, it is banned in Poland because environmentalists are against, whereas in Belarus so-called shooting of science are provided that to regulate the number of the beast. If it is too much, animals have not enough space and destroy the forest. Fighting with bark beetles is very effective in Belarus as well. This is, incidentally, the Polish environmentalists offer but do not do it.

Nikolai Mankevich, director of the Forest and Hunting Game Ground at the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" "We cut down in the economic area and put trap-trees in the areas of the bark beetles' centers. If the beetle is already very numerous, we see it and remove wood for processing.

Valentin Vasilyuk, a businessman (Poland) "To avoid this disease, we in fact do nothing. If the tree is sick, it should be left there. Let worms and insects live, let the Forest die, let the disease cover all the forest, and then for 700 years, it will be recovered. We want to preserve the Forest. Maybe this Forest is already bad and to get no worse but better."

The system of roads is created and is developed in the Belarusian part of the Forest. The situation in Poland is much worse. In this sense, our national park is somewhat similar to U.S. reserves, for example, Yellowstone. More than 200 kilometers of asphalt are there, and tourists are attracted by a combination of the primeval state of the nature with the developed infrastructure.

Nikolai Bambiza, director of the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" "Experiments can be put in the area of 2 or 3 thousand hectares, whereas it is not acceptable of how it is now set by Polish environmentalists. They remove nurseries; remove the prospect of the Forest beyond the borders. Conversely, we decided to build a nursery. The forests of Belovezhskaya Pushcha are of the old age. They are eaten away by wild boar and deer; therefore, it is necessary to create the nursery, to create the planting material".

However, the Poles would like to develop their forest for our example. There is a joint scientific and technical council. Foresters together discuss many issues and problems. Polish colleagues are special guests in our part of the Bialowieza Forest.

Stanislav Kulak, head of the Department of Forest Use at the Regional Directorate of State Forests in Bialystok (Poland) "It is seen that all is thought out in this newly built nursery. As we were told, it will be the center of forest selection and regeneration. This is great. These are modern technologies but our environmentalists oppose such activities. For them, protection of forests, therefore, mean to do nothing, to let things take their course. They consider dead tree more important than alive because insects live there. Yes, we agree that the insects should be protected, but the living trees also should be protected, forest should be treated and stands damaged by bark beetles should be destroyed.

However, Belarusians also have something to learn from Poles, for example, the mechanism of development of small private businesses. The fact is that today the network of hotels and services is more extensive on the Polish side of the Forest.

Andrzej Malinowski, director of a private hotel (Poland) "When the agreement on small border traffic will come into force, it seems to me you will be very difficult to compete with us. Your service system is developing, but for today you do not have enough."

By the way, Belarusians are not going to create plenty of hotels and restaurants deep in the Belovezhskaya Pushcha Forest that do not harm the environment. The hotel infrastructure will be located along the bypass road which will take place around the Forest. Agro-farms also will be placed there and, in this sense, the Polish experience may be claimed.

Albert Litvinovich, head of the village administration of Bialowiza (Poland) "It is a very simple situation concerning the family business in Poland. Those who live from agriculture, if they have more than 7 acres of land, simply register agro-tourist business in the municipality and one can take up to 5 rooms to tourists in that house. There are virtually no taxes here. We have now about 90 such houses in the municipality and this number is big. Of course, this money is not enough to financially survive during the whole year but it is good money."

Problems of the Bialowieza Forest, like the Forest in it, are as largely the same both for Belarus and Poland. We are to preserve and develop this wealth together. In this sense, each side can learn from each other. And it will be a collaboration that will bring mutual benefits.

Valentin Vasilyuk, binesmen (Poland) "We have a huge hole in the budget, but here a million cubic meters of wood disappears. It would bring a multi-billion money to clean it and recycle. Our government did not even know about it."

(You can see the video clip by downloading the file from here, in Russian)
November 11, 2010 Website "TUT.BY" Statement of Presidential Candidate Ales Mikhalevich on the Belarus TV

(Fragment of speech)
Question: Will President Mikhalevich stop cutting down of oaks in Belovezhskaya Pushcha?

Answer: There is information from our ecologists, from the people who work in Belovezhskaya Pushcha that, due to the fact of big prices for oaks, the so-called selective felling of oaks in Belovezhskaya Pushcha is conducted. Oak trees which are very old are cut down. Naturally, this practice should be stopped. Belovezhskaya Pushcha is the place that we received from our ancestors, as one of the major protected areas. We should leave it the same for our children.
November 24, 2010 "Respublika" (The Republic) newspaper, No 225 Finnish Santa Clause is our visitor

Belarusian Father Frost and Finnish Santa Clause (Yolupukki) have met in Minsk in the Town hall. Yolupukki has told to the owner of Belovezhskaya Pushcha about the winter beginning in Finland.

Belarusian Father Frost in his part has thanked Finnish Santa Clause for arrival and has invited once again to visit the city of Minsk in 2014, when the Belarusian capital will serve the world championship for hockey.

According to the Finnish visitor, he has liked Minsk very much and he has inspired with the unusual local architecture.

In the photo - Yolupukki has come to Minsk.
Photo by Gennadiy Zhingov, BelTA News Agency
November 23, 2010 Website "Radio Liberty Life" The memory wreath. Vladimir Datskevich


Today in the village of Kamenyuki, the Kamenets district of the Brest region, Vladimir Datskevich was buried. As being the ecologist and researcher of Belovezhskaya Pushcha, he has been 83 and has passed away on November 22.

Vladimir Datskevich is known as one of the first Belarusian ecologists who has come out in favour of the international commission of experts to investigate infringements in Belovezhskaya Pushcha.

Heorhi Kazulka, Ph.D of Biology, says Vladimir Datskevich has manifest aloud that Belovezhskaya Pushcha is plundered by officials and does not satisfy the status of the especially protected territory.

"He was a unique man for Belovezhskaya Pushcha. The people like him are rare in Pushcha. He was a truly lover of Pushcha. Many people live in Pushcha and everyone likes it in his own way. Vladimir Datskevich had a true love towards Pushcha. That was a particular attitude of the man who knew it and had a specially scaled approach. He covered all Pushcha by his soul and he felt it."

Vladimir Datskevich insisted on stopping any economic activities in the Reserve. According to Vladimir Datskevich, the Visluky palace (the presidential residence where the former USSR was disintegrated) has to be handed over the students of natural history faculties of the country and the world as a laboratory for ecological researches.

Vladimir Datskevich is an author of many researches and scientific papers. He was a manager and one of the creators of a local Nature Museum. Unfortunately, Vladimir Datskevich couldn't waited till his new book's publishing, the known Belarusian ecologist Valeriy Dranchuk says.

"His book which is ready for printing will be the best monument and the memory wreath for Vladimir Datskevich. I can say about this book one thing it is a miracle of truth. First of all, the book is about losses of Belovezhskaya Pushcha, today's devastation and destruction of these riches for the sake of profit. It is a very adequate truth. It is a real truth and it seems to me Vladimir Datskevich's life was for this sake".
November 23, 2010 Belovezhskaya Pushcha For the memory of Vladimir Datskevich, former ornithologist and defender of Belovezhskaya Pushcha

Vladimir Datskevich
Vladimir Datskevich has passed away on 22 November, 2010 .

Vladimir Datskevich was born in 1927 in the village of Bialowieza which is today on the Polish side of Belovezhskaya Pushcha and in which the administrative centre of the Polish Bialowieza National Park is located. His father was a taxidermist of a museum of nature. At the end of the Second World War, after the Bialowieza Forest was divided into two parts between Poland and Byelorussian Soviet Socialistic Republic, the Datskevich's family has moved to the village of Kamenyuki that is on the Belarusian side. Vladimir Datskevich began to work as a labor assistant in the scientific department of the then State Reserve "Belovezhskaya Pushcha", and then, in the 50s, as a researcher-ornithologist (he engaged in researches on birds). He graduated the Moscow Hunting Management Training College obtaining a distinction, then the Brest Pedagogical Institute, the faculty of natural sciences by correspondence course. In middle of the 60-s, Vladimir Datskevich headed the lately built museum of nature where he worked for ten years. He has then again moved to work in the ornithological team of the scientific department whence in 1984 he retired because of health's problems.

Vladimir Datskevich is famous as an author of many scientific papers on birds and other groups of animals, and also as a writer popularizing Belovezhskaya Pushcha. Being already a pensioner, he has summed up his long-term practice of scientific investigations and has written a book "A historical review and some results of ornithological researches in Belovezhskaya Pushcha (1945 - 1985)" that (the writing of the book) is a rare tradition for scientists working in Belovezhskaya Pushcha. Being a talented taxidermist, many exhibits and expositions of the museum of nature have passed through his hands. He greatly contributed to grow nature protection spirit of young generation of ecologists.

Vladimir Datskevich is one of a few inhabitants of Belovezhskaya Pushcha who, being already a pensioner, in contradistinction to other his colleagues - scientists, foresters, hunting managers and other kind of specialists - did not stop to be worrying about problems of Belovezhskaya Pushcha and, moreover, very actively participated to solve them. For example, in 2002, 2007 and 2010 he became one of the signers of "The Appeal of Belarusian public to the Council of Europe", and then of "The Open Letter from the oldest inhabitants of Belovezhskaya Pushcha" to defend this forest. Vladimir Datskevich openly, in mass-media and in time of meetings with any man, irrespective of his rank, posed the disagreement with the current ways of management in Belovezhskaya Pushcha which cause an irreparable damage to the protected forest. In that way he contributed much to defense of this area of the wild nature from unreasoned, incompetent and adventurous administrative decisions. This is why he has gained the deserved recognition and respect from people who are also engaged in nature protection.

People, such as Vladimir Datskevich, are very rare to meet in modern Belarus. As a local inhabitant of Belovezhskaya Pushcha, he loved this forest much. He was a truly lover of Pushcha. That was a particular attitude of the man who knew it and felt its rhythm, course of life and its soul. The ancient forest became a part of his life and he felt it as a part of himself. He was Pushcha's truly dweller!

In the person of Vladimir Datskevich, Belovezhskaya Pushcha has lost the defender and man who will remain in memory and hearts of the people of Belovezhskaya Pushcha.

The former colleagues
Belovezhskaya Pushcha
November 22, 2010 Wensite "Naviny.by" On December 4 to meet the winter in a Father Frost manor

a Father Frost manor in Belovezhskaya Pushcha
A festival of meeting of the winter will be held in a Father Frost manor in Belovezhskaya Pushcha on December 4,as BelaPAN News Agency informs.

"If something will be not enough in Minsk, I welcome you in Belovezhskaya Pushcha. I will share snow and pleasure with you. It is obligatory the winter will come," Father Frost promised.

He told that he meets the visitors in his manor in Belovezhskaya Pushcha in all seasons. More than 550 thousand people from 93 countries visited the Father Frost's residence for all its lifetime.

November 19, 2010 "Vecherniy Brest"" (The Evening Brest) newspaper Archeological site destroyed during bypass road construction

Is it true that the rush during the construction of the bypass road around the Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park so intense that they decided not to wait for researchers from Minsk after discovering a Neolithic site on the bank of the Lesnaya River, which resulted in the sites total destruction? Tatyana

We referred the question to Vadim Lakiza, who heads the primitive man archeology department at the Belarusian Academy of Sciences History Institute and has explored Belovezhskaya Pushcha before.

"That is not exactly true," Lakiza said. "We have an agreement with Belgiprodor (road construction planning institution), so archeologists inspected the bypass route all along the entire 180 kilometer stretch from the village of Volkostavets to Svisloch. The research was conducted by several teams throughout the summer. We indeed found several exciting archeological sites where the road was later paved. In particular, we found a Final Paleolithic site near the village of Stolpoviski in Kamenets District. We collected some unique materials which can tell a lot about the life and migration of tribes. We were followed by construction machines, and it is probably fair to say that the sites themselves were destroyed. But that is inevitable these days we must build roads. It is more important that the artifacts, evidence of the past, have been preserved and are now being inspected."
November 19, 2010 Website "TUT.BY" Video: A new arboretum in Belovezhskaya Pushcha: planting stock from the seeds of age-old trees to be nursed

A 7.5 ha ground for a new arboretum has been prepared in the environs of the village Kamenyuki in Belovezhskaya Pushcha. There the planting stocks from the seeds of age-old trees will be nursed, told in her interview with TUT.BY Hanna Dengubenko, a senior staff scientist of the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha".

"This planting stock will certainly be sold abroad", believes Heorhi Kazulka, candidate of biological science and coordinator of the Internet-project "Belovezhskaya Pushcha XXI Century". However, the environmentalists are more concerned not with the creation of the arboretum itself but rather with its location: it has to be established amidst relic forest not far from the village. Heorhi Kazulka considers that the Forests sociology has recently been considerably harmed. "Belovezhskaya Pushcha as an ancient unique relic forest is disappearing, degrading and being replaced with something else" told Kazulka, "It is long overdue to raise the issue of granting core zone status for the entire Bialowieza Forest."

Interview with candidate of biological science and coordinator of the Internet-project "Belovezhskaya Pushcha XXI Century Heorhi Kazulka can be watched here, in Russian

Currently only about 20 percent of Belovezhskaya Pushcha is a core zone. "No activities are conducted in this territory, moreover there are no timber extractions here," Hanna Dengubenko, the National Park's representative, assured us. "The issue of expansion of the core zone is being constantly raised by the National Park's administration. During their last visit to the Forest, European specialists agreed with the fact that the zone under the UNESCO World Heritage status should be expanded. Currently the area of more than 5 thousands ha of the primeval forest has this status in Belarus, and approximately the same-size area enjoys it in Poland."

As for the arboretums location, its choice was backed by many factors. A detailed audio interview of TUT.BY correspondent with Hanna Dengubenko, a research fellow of the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha", gives detailed answers why according to the number of bison Belarus holds only the second but not the first place. (Interview can be listened here, in Russian)

Victoria Makarevich, TUT.BY
November 17, 2010 Website "Naviny.by" Bison live in Belovezhskaya Pushcha and prostitutes too

The National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha", that is under the Presidential Department of Affairs, was used to arrange sex-tours. Belarusian law enforcing agencies arrived at such conclusion while a criminal case, that was instituted against a souteneur from Minsk city has been looking into.

As the Internet-newspaper Naviny.by has known, the Major Preliminary Investigation Department at the Ministry of Internal Affairs called a 27-year-old capitals inhabitant to account. The criminal case on a part 2 of the article 171 of Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus "Use of employment by prostitution or creation of conditions for employment by prostitution".

The man who is under arrest is accused of arrangement of sex-tours for Russians nationals in the Belovezhskaya Pushchas territory. Now we can say about intimate services that were done since 2008, December to 2009, November. Nearly twenty Belarusian prostitutes were under command of the souteneur.

The Park have four comfortable hotels with saunas and other places for the relax. As a site "National park Belovezhskaya Pushcha" informs, "Everything is decorated in soft colors. So, after visiting of the bison's enclosures and excursion of the residence of Belarusian Father the Christmas tourists had a place to spend their time pleasantly.

As a punishment, the imprisonment for 7 10 years with confiscation of property threatens the sex-tours organizer for his participation in "defilement" of the Belarusian pride.

Law enforcing agencies are sure, the souteneur did not work by himself. But to probe into such intimate things is not safe for them.

We will remind you, in August, 30, this year Aleksandr Lukashenko held a special meeting "about observation of legality by law enforcing agencies securing the control of financial and industrial action of the National park "Pripjatskiy". The conflict between policemen and officials on nature became the cause to such top-level examination.

Gomels operative agents from the Service of Counteraction of Trade of People interrogated an active souteneur holding girls who were in great request of visitors of this National Park and found out that it is not all right with hunters business in the forestry territory. Specifically they spoke about probable uncontrolled wild boar shooting.

During operative investigation policemen deranged some profitable deals of hunters ownership. National Parks employees made a collective complain about some law enforcing agencies' actions.

During that special meeting Aleksandr Lukachenko touched slightly upon a subject about hunters full of love "It is their own business who they will communicate with, we can neither control nor make somebody" and entrusted to the public prosecutors office to make a "legal appraisement actions of parties".

The public prosecutors office withdrew from the Ministry of Internal Affairs all operative materials about this hunters story with girls including shorthand records of telephone conversations, but what conclusions did controllers arrive at and what was reported to the President, it is unknown. Some people say, public prosecutor examinations results were marked with a stamp "secretly". However, as far as we know, any "trained decisions" from the head of state did not follow after this.

The reference of Naviny.by. The State Nature Protection Establishment "The National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" is a Biosphere Reserve. Visit to the National Park is regulated by the Law "About specially protected natural territories" and a Regulation about the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha". Visit to the National Park without the guide is forbidden.

Maxim Trapeznikov
November 16, 2010 Website "ALE.BY" Finish Santa Clause Iolupukki to visit Belarus

Photo from : finlandatexpo2010.fi
Santa Clause from Lapland will fly in Minsk on November 22. Iolupukki annually visits various European cities on the eve of winter holidays. This year the city of Minsk became for the first time in his list. Earlier Iolupukki already visited Belarus. He paid a visit to Belovezhskaya Pushcha to meet Belarusian Father Frost and Snegurochka (Show Maiden).

During the forthcoming trip Finnish Santa Clause will communicate with children, will visit sports centers of Minsk and will meet journalists. Iolupukki lives in Lapland on the mountain Korvatunturi which form looks like ear. The legend tells that Finnish Santa Clause can hear dreams and desires of all children thanks to such dwelling-ear. Iolupukki has wife - Muori who personifies the winter.

: finlandatexpo2010.fi
Gnomes are the Iolupukki's assistants. They reside in "Caves of Echo" within the year, listen to how children all over the world behave themselves and, on the eve of Christmas, assort mail, help prepare and pack gifts.

BelTA

November 16, 2010 "Naviny Kamyanechchyny" (The Kamenets Land's News) newspaper Construction of a road around "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" is in progress

Despite the autumn's bad weather restrained some works, construction of a road around "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" is now in progress. There are many firms and companies working for this.

Last autumn, during the celebration of the 600th anniversary of nature protection in this forest, it was announced about "the precious ring" around Belovezhskaya Pushcha for the first time. On May 11, 2010, the President of state Alexander Lukashenko signed the appropriate decree number 244. The total length of the road around the Reserve is about 190 km. 140 km are in the Brest region. The most part of the road (88 km) will cross the Pruzhany district, while 52 km will be in the Kamenets district. It doesn't seem much for the last district but there are many works to cut forest between villages of Osinniki and Terasiny, and near Eashevichi that to widen the road, and to deliver much sand is ! Then newly made sand-pits are to be reclamated.

The Vysokoe road construction company No 137 successfully manages its task including asphalting and others. We met the manager of the Vychulki road construction company No 138 Sergei Dyamko who told us about daily troubles:

"20 to 40 people are engaged in the works every day. Their number depends on the weather and kinds of works. By the way, three subways for amphibians are built exactly at our section and a tunnel for wild animals is created at the next section, near the village of Omelianets.

To look farther ahead, workers of the big regional road constriction company "BrestAutoDor" will construct the road behind the village of Dmitrovichi. It will have 7 big and 5 small bridges, the biggest will be 128 m long, through the Forest Rever not far from the district center of Kamenets.

The plans are to complete the road in November of 2011. So, time is less than one year!

What is about the quality because much doing in haste?

Vladimir Sinyuk, head of the road technology department of the building company "BrestOblStroi", answers this question "In no circumstances. Yes, the terms of wotks are very limiting but powers and means are enough. Our department provides the permanent control for the works and materials' quality."

Vladimir Sinyuk said that all changes were made at the phase of coordination of the project and the most optimal scenario was taken to watch the Belovezhskaya Pushcha's landscapes by tourists and to preserve good agricultural lands.

Of course, the process of realization of the big-scale construction project like this cannot be without a hitch. Large dump-trucks together with autumn rains made access roads very bad. Somewhere tractors are used. Because of it, there are troubles for some agricultural enterprises and for bus routes.

331 billion Roubles (~ $ 110 million) are allocated for the road constriction.

The tourist line cannot exist without the road service. Altogether 41 objects (cafes, 4 hotels, 4 car parks and 14 refueling stations) are planned to be built in the Brest region. The idea of the detour road appeared that to bting down the car pressure to Belovezhskaya Pushcha. One can stop in either spot of the road and to visit the protected forest on foot, cycle, horse and, soon, in a battery-driven vehicle.

The detour road will be important as it will link three districts of the two regions! There will be direct ways from some villages to the administrative center.

Georgiy Parafenyuk
Photo by Nikolai Shum
November 11, 2010 "Respublika" (The Republic) newspaper, No 216 Following an ancient instinct's path

Subways for bison will be constructed under a new motorway in Belovezhskaya Pushcha

The detour road around Belovezhskaya Pushcha is constructed with the strong regard for recommendations of Belarusian scientists. They studied ways of animals' migration across the protected forest and specified sports on the future motorway to the builders where subway corridors should be made for animals.

General director of the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" Nikolai Bambiza specifies that there will be 32 subways for amphibians and reptiles over overall distance of the highway. The experience of how to construct them is known. More four tunnels are planned for big animals - wild boars, roe and red deer and bison. This is the new, labour-consuming and very expensive "service" for the inhabitants of the relic forest, but there is no other way out.

Animals, as obeying the ancient instinct, migrate across Belovezhskaya Pushcha and its vicinities by following the same tracks, and neither forest cutting down (that happened here and there while the road constructing), nor even the death threat will stop them on this way. Animals on the schedule go in the areas where forest was stubbed up over hundred years ago and human is an owner of full rights thanks to land-reclamation. The village of Kamenyuki has grown as making a barrier on the migration path of the frogs' local population but this is no reason to stop amphibians and, that to avoid their death under car wheels, a subway under the central street to serve their migration was already made for a long time.

To make the way to the new tunnels comfortable, trees and bushes which fruits are a part of the migrating ungulates' food will be planted along and near the paths. Tunnels will be equipped with sound absorbent lining to avoid frighten of animals from the passing cars' noise.

Fedor MIKHA
November 06, 2010 Website "DATE.BS" Italian has shot a bison female listed in a Red Data Book in Belovezhskaya Pushcha

Chief of hunt, the forest officer of the Yazvinskoe forest area Nikolai Pilyutik was aware of the status of the territory the Wilderness Protection Zone of the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha", on which he permitted hunting to an Italian citizen. In this zone measures on its protection and scientific researches are only allowed. Hunting for bison is forbidden, as this species is listed in a Red Data Book of the Republic of Belarus. Moreover, chief of hunt had no license for extraction of bison of the reserved gen-found group and no hunting ticket to this.

The participant of the illegal hunting, the Italian citizen Fachchini Karlo has shot a bison female. According to the witnesses, he became feel upset over the case and said that he mixed up it with a large wild boar. The National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" got damage in the sum of 9,975,000 Roubles (~ $ 3,300), as www.ctv.by informs by referring to the Grodno Truth newspaper. The German firm "Westfalia", which had the hunting contract with the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha", completely compensated the damage and paid the penalty in the total sum of 25,715 Euros.

The Nikolai Pilyutik's activities are qualified under clause 4, 282nd paragraph of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus - illegal hunting within the territory of the national park and illegal extraction of wild animals listed in the Red Data Book of the Republic of Belarus, with the causing damage in a very big scale, made by the official person with use of the service powers, as www.ctv.by informs by referring to the Grodno Truth newspaper.

Mikhail Razuvaev, public prosecutor of the Svisloch district:
The court of the Svisloch district has returned Mr. Pilyutik working now as forest foreman of the Yazvinskoe forest area guilty and has imposed a punishment to put him into prison for the period of three years. Taking into account the full compensation of the damage and the Pilyutik's frank repentance, the trial period for one year is applied towards him, and after its termination the question on putting the punishment into effect will finally be solved.

STV
November 02, 2010 "Znamya Yunosti" (The Youth Banner) newspaper Subways for elks and wild boars to construct in Belovezhskaya Pushcha

Subways for wild ungulate animals will be constructed together with a new detour road around Belovezhskaya Pushcha, the senior research officer of the Sector of Fauna Monitoring and Cadastre of the Scientific and Practical Centre on Bioresources at the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus Ruslan Novitskiy said.

Such subways as these ones will appear for the first time in Belarus. There will be two "undergrounds". They will be placed at the sections of the motorway which are most often crossed by ungulates. To get elks, red and roe deer, wild boars and other inhabitants of Belovezhskaya Pushcha into subways, special directing fences will be set up. Due to them "pedestrians" can cross the road in the necessary place. Bushes, young pine and spruce trees, wild apple trees and other vegetation which is attractive to ungulates will be planted in passing to the subways.

Subways will be comfortable for animals as maximum as possible. Special sound-proofing lagging will be used for construction of subways to avoid fright of animals from the car noise. Besides, "undergrounds" will be covered with a soft ground. That will allow preventing an echo for passing of animals because this also can frighten them.

When constructing the new motorway, the care not only about ungulates but also about amphibians - toads, frogs, tritons and others - will be taken. For this purpose seven sites of their migrations will be arranged with systems of subways and directing concrete fences.

The subways' creation will help lower the quantity of traffic accidents through ungulates' fault, to resist of fragmentation of their habitats and to minimize the number of amphibians' deaths on roads. In many foreign countries the entire complexes of subways and special bridge structures for various groups - amphibians, ungulates, small mammals and fishes - are created, for preservation of the fauna biodiversity. Within some plots with mass migrations, such subways can be located over a distance from 1 to 15 km from each other.

Belovezhskaya Pushcha is one of the world's oldest protected territories. In 1992 UNESCO put it into a World Culture and Natural Heritage List. It 1993 it became a biosphere reserve, in 1998 - the key international ornithological territory. At present the national park stretches for over 60 km from north to south and for 10-50 km from west to east. It covers the area of 163 505 hectares and around 20% of Belovezhskaya Pushcha's territory makes up a strictly protected zone where no human activities are allowed.

The detour road around Belovezhskaya Pushcha will be constructed using the already existing road system. Its length will make 182 km. The detour will cover 98 km of local and 41 km of national roads and 43 km of new roads will be constructed. The detour road is built in accordance with the IV category's parameters, with the width of the earthen roadway of 10 meters and the width of asphalt covering of 9 meters. Br 331 billions (~$ 110 millions) from the state target budget fund of the national development are provided for construction of the detour.

www.belta.by