NEWS ARCHIVE: JULY 2007

July 24, 2007 Web-newspaper "BDG-online" Russian reporters have offered to create a USSR Disintegration Museum in Belovezhskaya Pushcha

Russian reporters have initiated a number of ideas. In particular, they have offered to create a Soviet Union Disintegration Museum in Belovezhskaya Pushcha, and have also expressed desire to specify in their publications a bank account of the Memorial Complex "Brest Fortress-Hero" that any man could make a donation. An offer has also sounded to make a special press-tour in the Brest region.

Let's remind that the press-tour is going from July 24 till July 27. Representatives of about 20 federal and regional mass-medias are participating in the press-tour.

The source: naviny.by
The news is placed in the short-cut form, BP-21 Century website editor's note
July 24, 2007 Electronic dispatch "Kav_Zap" An international boycott to the Olympiad Games in Sochi. A statement by the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Centre

On July 4 and 5, 2007, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) has taken a decision on the winter Olympics of 2014 in the city of Sochi (Russia). This decision strongly breaks the Clause 2.13 of the Olympic Charter according to which the IOC should follow the rule do not carry out the Olympic Games in conditions of noncompliance with nature protection requirements.

The construction of objects for the forthcoming Olympics will be conducted on the most valuable territories of the Sochi National Park (the Grushevy maintain range) and in the buffer zone of the UNESCO's World Natural Heritage "Western Caucasus" including the Caucasian Biosphere Reserve. As a result, unique sites of wild nature will be destroyed. The Russian government led by the President Putin, and the IOC have not paid attention to requests of Russian and international ecological organizations do not place Olympic objects in the National Park and in the Reserve.

We consider that the value of the territories of wild nature of Caucasus are much more important, rather than the modern Olympics Games which are already little related to the sport in the true sense of this word as, a matter of fact, they were transforming into a sort of commercial show for a long time and into a competition of chemical industries of countries participated in the Olympics.

We consider that the wild nature, wild animals and plants have the right to the life and this right should be guaranteed by the international society. In conditions of complete diminished responsibility of the Russian authorities which just do not want to get any real steps in order to prevent ecological damage from the Olympics, we call other countries, international and national organizations, and all sportsmen all over the world to boycott the winter Olympics-2014 in Sochi.

To call for information by a phone + (067)-715-27-90

Vladimir Boreiko,
the director of the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, Ukraine
July 20, 2007, the city of Kiev
July 22, 2007 "Liberty Life Radio" The ancient forest to destroy in Belovezhskaya Pushcha

The management of the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" has reported that 400 hectares of the forest were planted on the territory of the Biosphere Reserve this.

According to an official information, the area which is under afforestation becomes essentially growing each year and this will allow to save Belovezhskaya Pushcha for our descendents.

However independent ecologists challenge the expediency of measures, such as these. Heorhi Kazulka, PhD of Biology and the former deputy director of the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha", has declared to the Liberty Life Radio that man-made plantations are created on the protected territory of the Pushcha where the ancient primeval forest is growing, which always reforested itself in the natural way. This makes a uniqueness and a value of the Pushcha's forest as it was never planted by man.

According to Heorhi Kazulka, the present management of the National Park puts a task using information about man-made afforestation to make secret which covers scales of cutting down of the relic forest, which is then processed to export wood produced from valuable tree species abroad.

Heorhi Kazulka has also informed that forest plantations have earlier been created using trees from a local nursery and from the Polish part of the Bialowieza Forest, while the management of the Park has now forbidden to buy seedlings in Poland. And, therefore, seedlings of unknown origin are used when making plantations what is a strong infringement of rules which are relevant to the reserved territory.
July 13, 2007 BP-21 Century Website News Service More few hundred hectares of the relic forest to destroy in Belovezhskaya Pushcha

Click to enlarge in the new window
In spring of 2007, the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" has again solemnly reported about 400 hectares of man-made forest plantations created within its territory. This is again brought the public and top-managers a grandiose achievement as regards of conservation of the Bialowieza Forest. Indeed, if 156 hectares were under afforestation in 2003, 180 ha were in 2004, 340 ha were in 2005 and 330 ha were in 2006, this year 400 hectares were artificially covered however. Doing it local foresters “forget” to say that increasing the area covered with man-made plantations is not only because of joining new lands to the National Park in 2004. Man-made plantations continue to be created within the primary protected area as well. Size-scales of this are not less than earlier. The primary wild forest grows there. This forest was always regenerating in the natural way. It was newer planted artificially, therefore, this forest has a natural uniqueness and value.

We asked Heorhi Kazulka, PhD of Biology and an independent expert, to comment this situation.

"As regards increasing the area of mane-made plantations in sites where the primeval relic forest grew in the past, the situation in the Pushcha can be called absurdity and profanation to a full extent, no other words can be used. Judge yourself. As back as in 2003, I have written an article "To save the primeval forest", in which I demonstrated impossibility to create artificial plantations within the protected area. That's because this kind of practice leads to the final stage of destruction of unique natural ecosystems and to their change to man-made ones of poor ecological importance. When trees are planted, technologies which very damage soil because of making deep furrows through the use of a plough are applied. This also causes break in roots of remained old trees provoking their weakening and condemning their premature death. Technologies, such as this, are already under prohibition in European forest enterprises for many years. As to this case, the protected area is here while they are applying to a full extent! I have written about this in a special letters in 2003 to the Manager of the Property Management Department of the Republic of Belarus and asked him to stop the vicious practice which annihilates Belovezhskaya Pushcha.

Alas! The barbarous management’s tradition was not stopped. Moreover, it is in progress increasing in the scale of work and in the size of area. This practice reached a point of culmination of absurdity this year. A plan to plant 24 hectares was given to each forest area. Equally for all! It's disregarding of needs and forest-soil conditions. And why are 24 hectares? Why are not 20 or 25 ones? No one has given the perspicuous answer to these questions. However, it is impossible logically to explain absurdity in heads of ruling managers.

Look at this photo shot from the space and placed at the Maps-Google. Do you see the forest in lines? This is the man-made plantation which is created by Nikolai Bambiza, the casual worker who is not competent and who also combines the post of general director of the National Park 'Belovezhskaya Pushcha". And the wild, primeval and reserved forest is all round. In this way Nikolai Bambiza destroys the primeval forest, at the beginning turning it into logs and planks, and then plant trees in lines on cutting sites. He destroys the World Heritage Site and the national sacred place elevating his bad management to the style of the state policy!


Man-made plantations on the territory of Belovezhskaya Pushcha (for comparison, marked by blue colour)

Man-made plantations on the territory of Belovezhskaya Pushcha
Moreover, last years seedlings from the local nursery and partly from the Polish Bialowieza Forest have been taken to make plantations. According to information recently gained from Polish coleuses, the top-office banned to buy seedlings from Poland this year. Instead of them, seedlings of unknown origination have being used. Local foresters say that they were taken from Belarusian forest enterprises including those located very far from Belovezhskaya Pushcha, for example, from the Pripyatski National Park’s area. This is very strong violation of rules which require to use only local gene materials for planting.

OK, it’s all clear regarding the National Park’s managers. A mechanism of destruction of Belovezhskaya Pushcha has been started and has been working well. Dilettantism and profanation of managers and “experts” on wilderness protection is obvious. They consider the Pushcha only a source of raw materials and the place of rest, hunting and entertainments. They therefore plants trees in lines with hope that next generations of lumber-men will cut down it for a sawmill or for export abroad. Profanation and a lack of competence of managers from the Presidential Property Management Department (PPMD), to which the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" is subordinated, are also clear very well. PPMD could, for example, train astronauts and could launch space rockets getting the same result, not only to manage the Nationals Park.

Another thing worries. That is a position of keeping of silence by the Belarusian Ministry of Natural Recourses and Environment Protection and by members of the Scientific and Technical Council of the National Park, consisted of academicians, professors and Philosophy doctors. What is this? Also a lack of professional skill? Or the deal with conscience and indifference to the future of Belovezhskaya Pushcha? As to me, I know the answer. And you?"

Tatiana Nikolaeva

Look and read more detailed about incorrectness regarding artificial afforestation within the territory of Belovezhskaya Pushcha, in which the primary relic forest grow, in the section “Photo-fact” on pages as well as read in the article by Heorhi Kazulka "To save the primeval forest"
July 19, 2007 Website "TUT.BY" The Ministry of Justice has addressed to the Supreme Court with writ about liquidation of the Belarusian Ecological Green Party "BEP".

The Ministry of Justice has addressed to the Supreme Court with writ about liquidation of the Belarusian Ecological Green Party "BEP". The press-service of the Ministry of Justice informs that the reason for this was non-compliance by the Party with the regulations of the Belarusian legislation.

According to the Clause 10 of the Laws of the Republic of Belarus "On political parties", not less than 1,000 members should be that to create a political party and to legally act. Besides, a party should have a city branch in the capital of Minsk, as well as regional branches in the most of regions of the country. Despite of numerous reminders and a written notice from the Ministry of Justice, the Party has not created any of above-mentioned branches according to the Laws.

Moreover, according to information submitted by the management of the "BEP" to the Ministry, the number of its members makes 582 that almost two times less as the minimal number established by the legislation.

Taking into account that the Belarusian Ecological Green Party "BEP" is not corresponding with the status of a political party, the Ministry of Justice has offered the Party to take measures on restoration of the status by increasing the number of its members up to the necessary minimal level and by creating branches or to take the decision on self-liquidation.

In March of this year, the Ministry of Justice has received a protocol of the Party's congress which considered issues regarding self-liquidation. However, documents confirming competence of the congress were not submitted to the Ministry.

On the basis of the stated above, the Ministry of Justice has taken decision judicially to initiate the procedure on liquidation of the Party.
July 19, 2007 Electronic dispatch "Green_mov" Reporters to be for protection of bison

On July 18, 2007, the next press conference devoted to protection of bison was organized by the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center and "EcoRight-Kiev" and was held in Kiev.

The assistant of the National Deputy of Ukraine V.Sesin, the head of the "EcoRight-Kiev" B.Vasilkovskiy, the lawyer of the "EcoRight-Kiev" G.Pristinskaya, the director of the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center V.Boreiko, the senior expert of the Department of Protection of Fauna at the Ministry of Nature Protection of Ukraine N.Melnik, the deputy head of the State Service of Wilderness Protection at the Ministry of Nature Protection of Ukraine N.Stetsenko, the representative of the General Office of Public Prosecutor of Ukraine, and reporters have taken part in the press conference.

During the press conference the video films were shown and facts of numerous murders of bison in Ukraine under the guise of so-called selection-commercial shooting were announced. Because of this the amount of bison has decreased in Ukraine three times less for the last 15 years and makes now about 200 animals.

The press-service of the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, Ukraine
July 14, 2007 Electronic dispatch "Green_mov" Extermination of bison in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine (independent investigation by the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, part 9. Ending)

Ethical problems of protection of bison

Unfortunately, in the countries of the former USSR, the attitude in the style of cynicism and consumption to species of animal listed in a Red Data Book, especially to those which are valuable as a trophy, still exists.

The inclusion of a hunting species of a rare animal in the Red Data Book means, first of all, to place a ban on hunting for it. However, many hunters and managers of hunting enterprises are not pleasant to this principle. And, therefore, commercial hunting for species listed in the Red Data Book is going on various pretexts. It can be in the form of so-called shooting for selection or, like in Belarus, in the form of a division of bison into two categories - hunting and not hunting. All of this is doing not only with strong infringement of nature protection legislation (this was already told earlier) but also with infringement of principles of ecological ethics, morality and an ideology of the Red Data Book. This is because entering a rare animal in the Red Data Book means, first of all, protection of its rights as maximal as possible. However, the paradox of the situation comes from the fact that those who should be first fighting for moral, legal and ecological principles of protection of bison are, as a matter of fact, almost main "heralds" and ideologists of selection-commercial extermination of bison. We consider, first of all, scientist-zoologists.

The moral and ethical position stated by Petr Kozlo, Professor and an employee of the Institute of Zoology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus looks surprising. He in his publications (2004) TRIES TO JUSTIFY UNLAWFUL ACTIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT OF BELARUS CONCERNING THE DIVISION OF BISON LISTED IN THE RED DATA BOOK INTO HUNTING AND NON-HUNTING PARTS. He writes "GIVING THE DIFFERENT STATUS TO SUBPOPULATIONS OF BISON IS ESTIMATED AS A NEW (! the note by Vladimir Boreiko) direction of preservation of bison that means protection of this species through reasonable use it as a resource. It allows solving biological, ecological, economic and legal tasks as a complex for preservation of bison for the future prospect".

As a principle we cannot be agreeing with this statement. First, protection of a species from the Red Data Book can never be realizing through its commercial use. The commercial use of a rare species means death for it. Moreover, entering of a rare species into the Red Data Book presupposes just a ban on its commercial use. Secondly, sport hunting in itself is an immoral and ecologically harmful kind of activity.

Russian zoologist M.Zablotskiy was the first who made the moral, ethical and legal mistake as early as 1986 by declaring that commercial hunting for bison as a threatened species is possible "Thanks to the sanction of licensed shooting of animals hunting enterprises get interest in this kind of work. Licensed shooting conducted in the form like this can also be a source of currency return. Conducting this activity does not contradict to live bison as a zoological species on pages of the Red Data Book of USSR and sanctions for selective shooting will be given out in the order established for rare species". Ukraine, where the amount of bison because basically of shooting for selection was reduced 3 times less for 15 years and continues to be reducing, perfectly demonstrates what "the order established for rare species" is in the real life. And the recent statement (2007) made by V.Korenchuk, the head of the Department of Wilderness Protection at the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Protection of Belarus, that "the decision on hunting for bison was accepted for the purpose to preserve the health of the population of this animal" is the most cynic lie. As it was already proved for a long time, hunting, especially aiming extraction of a trophy, never promoted preservation of the healthy population of the animals. Moreover, it is "the selection to the contrary".

So long as cases of nonsense, hunting management and market economy will still be persisting to exist in the practice of protection of animals listed in the Red Data Book, their future seems to us very foggy...

Bison is not only a national but first of all an interethnic heritage. And its protection, therefore, should be put beyond the state sovereignty. It means that if one country shows a considerable increase in the number of bison the animals should not be shot, but should be transported to other countries where their number isn't enough.

And the last. The humanity is, like being under deep disgrace, at fault of nearly successful attempt of utter annihilation of bison as a species. And restoration of bison and permanent care about it is therefore the form of atonement of this big sin. This should mean, first of all, that the rights of bison are a priority to the human rights.

Vladimir Boreiko,
the director of the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, Ukraine
July 13, 2007 "Respublika", (The Republic) newspaper, No 128 Will the Pushcha recover the life?

The Brest branch of the country's public organization "Mission of Returning " has bought a building of an abandon school and a restaurant in the village of Bely Lesok of the Pruzhany district. It is located on the territory of Belovezhskaya Pushcha and, that's the opinion of the new owners of the school, it is able to bring a positive effect on people who got chronic alcoholism and narcotic depressions. This public organization is engaged in solving these issues. In the near future a rehabilitation centre where patients will get out of a pernicious habit and will be returned to the normal life will be developed close to the virgin nature.

Fedor MUHA
July 13, 2007 Electronic dispatch "Green_mov" Extermination of bison in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine (independent investigation by the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, part 8)

Ukraine

What is the result to come of so-called "protection" of bison in Ukraine? Let's compare figures. If in 1992 there were 664 (685) bison in the country, they were 255 according to official data on January 1, 2007, while according to unofficial ones they were 190-230. That means the number of bison has decreased three times for 15 years. And no one cares about this. Moreover, one can consider a recent (in the beginning of July of 2007) statement by P.Bolshakov, the Deputy Minister of Nature Protection of Ukraine in the Lvov region, as a top of cynicism when he, as a reaction to an offer of one of the local ecologists on necessary urgent works on restoration of bison, has answered that this question is still doubt of engaging in because bison is... a harmful animal.

So-called selection-commercial shooting has caused the basic loss to bison and this is a perfect example which proves that any hunting is not only immoral but also does ecological harm because of reducing the number of animals. According to our calculations 15 and more bison were annually shot in Ukraine since 1990, and between 1991 and 2007 there were killed over 150 animals for selection. As a rule, best animals of outstanding trophy qualities, as well as young calves which meat was used to produce canned food, got under a gun of foreign hunters and local rich men. For example, in the Tsunamskoe timber enterprise of the Volyn region, canned delicacy meat "Bison" which are distributed among higher-ups are made in secret to present day.

In the Soviet times up to the end of 1980 bison wasn't under selective hunting and it wasn't touched by poachers either because it was considered an untouchable animal. And so-called selection-commercial shooting has then taken off this moral and legal protection for bison. Locals seeing that foreign hunters are hunting for bison also began to shoot them. They basically extracted young animals which have softer and juicy meat. This business is as the following. Seeing hunters, bison take a cycle-position - old animals are along the edges and young ones are in the middle. Poachers, therefore, squat down and shoot calve-bison using a knee as a prop because calves are lower and are better visible from below.

Vladimir Boreiko,
the director of the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, Ukraine
July 10, 2007 Electronic dispatch "Eco_Rus" Extermination of bison in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine (independent investigation by the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, part 7)

Arguments against shooting bison for selection

Basic arguments given by supporters of selection-commercial shooting of bison come to the following. What is the reason for a sick or old bison to perish itself if one can help the bison "to die" for a payment from a foreign hunter (or from a native rich man).

The former chief of the State Committee on Forestry of Ukraine I.itus, one of the ideologists supporting shooting bison for selection in Ukraine, & K wrote (1991) "At the same time bulls (male-bison, the note by V.B.) go far and frequently stay alone in areas remote from a herd where they die, not having left posterity. Such animals living separately should be shot". As a matter of fact, Mr. Litus has given a demonstration of crying illiteracy in biology of bison. The point is that, as Russian scientists and zoologists V.Kaz'min and E.Abramov wrote, herds of bison are very conservative and they stay in one place for a long time, while male-bison living alone and migrating for hundreds of kilometers, as a matter of fact, are only "carriers of genes between neighboring herds" (2004) and they should not be shot in any case.

Besides, the following arguments against shooting bison for selection can also be put:

1. Selection-commercial shooting bison provokes local inhabitants to poaching. They say that foreign hunters can shoot bison, whereas we shouldn't. And we also want and we will do it.

2. It's not clear from the point of ethic why animals listed in the Red Data Book like bison cannot be given to die from old age or illnesses and why it is obligatory to kill them. Each animal has the right to own death. In the last resort, bison can be caught and can be delivered to a zoo or an enclosure.

3. Shooting for selection promotes disrespectful and consuming attitude to the nature, especially to its perfect, rare and unique creatures like bison.

4. Shooting for selection causes noise, bark of dogs, din of cars, pursuit and shots promotes to make rare animals stressful and destroys age-sexual structure of the herd.

5. It is not clear why sick bison are necessary straightaway to shoot, instead of trying to treat them. You see ill and old people are being treated, instead of shooting for "selection".

6. For Belarusians, a term "hunting for bison", even if for the purpose of so-called selection, means nearly to commit sacrilege. This is because, as a matter of fact, the talking is about death by shooting of one of the most favourite and significant for Belarusians symbols of the country - bison.

7. There is a danger that, when a lack of control for selective shooting, bison as a species will again be exterminated in Ukraine, Russia and other countries.

8. Nature, not a human should be engaged in "shooting for selection".

9. Our analysis shows that, as a rule, the best and healthy bison, instead of sick and old animals, are killed during the shooting for selection.

10. The currency-selection hunting decreases the value of bison as a unique natural monument, reducing it to an ordinary target and hunting trophy.

11. Anyone lost bison should be handed to scientists for research, not to hunters for a trophy.

Vladimir Boreiko,
the director of the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, Ukraine
July 10, 2007 "Respublika", (The Republic) newspaper, No 125 Letters from the Mesolithic Age

The town of Kamenetz. The life was full of energy in the Stone Age on the territory of modern Belovezhskaya Pushcha. That's the conclusion made by scientists carrying out archeological dig in the most western part of Belarus.

Eight ancient settlements, four of which are found out for the first time, have already been marked on an archaeological map of the area, Vadim Lakiza, the head of the Department of Archaeology of Primitive Society at the Institute of History of National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, tells. Work instruments and other small things made from silicon are among findings, he adds. This testifies that people lived along-shore of the rivers of Lesnaya Pravaya and Narev in the Mesolithic Epoch (VI millennium BC).

And near the village of Maloe Selishche, fragments of moulded kitchen utensils were found, a part of which is decorated with ornament. It means that people lived there in the late Neolithic and Bronze Age (at the close of the III - II millenniums BC).

Digs of two settlements nearby the village of Villa has yesterday begun. It's the scientists' opinion that all archeological monuments discovered there will harmoniously join tourist routes on the territory of the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha".

Nikolai GRADYUSHKO
July 08-09, 2007 Electronic dispatch "Eco_Rus" Extermination of bison in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine (independent investigation by the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, part 6)

Extermination of bison in Ukraine - 3

On February 28, 2002, the State Committee on Forestry of Ukraine has issued the illegal order No 26 which defines the payment for foreign hunters to make commercial shooting of two species of animals listed in the Red Data Book of Ukraine - bison and bear. In particularly, extraction of a bison of the trophy quality estimated at the gold medal, according to the system C1C, costs from 3,100 to 3,600 Euros. Shooting a bison at the silver medal costs from 2,600 to 3,100 Euros and hunting for a bison at the bronze medal costs from 2,100 to 2,600 Euros. To kill a female-bison costs from 1,100 to 1,300 Euros and to murder a bison-calf costs from 400 to 600 Euros.

This instruction contradicts the item 19 of the Law of Ukraine "On a Red Data Book of Ukraine" since the item does not determine that foreign hunters can make shooting for selection and pay for it, and that is possible to get a trophy of the hunting bison.

"The Rule on the order of account, certification and issue of sanctions on moving to other areas, and extraction (catching and shooting) for the purpose of selection of bison" ratified by the Ministry of Nature Protection of Ukraine on December 19, 1991 is the second unlawful document. This document, also against the Law "On Red Data Book", allows for foreign hunters to be engaged in shooting for selection of bison that to get and to pay for trophies.

Thus, we see the brutal infringement of the nature protection legislation by two Ukrainian departments which, according to their status, are obliged to protect bison as animals listed in the Red data Book, instead of promoting their extermination. In the near future the "EcoRight-Kiev" and the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Centre will officially lodge an appeal against these unlawful instructions to the court. Besides, the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Centre will try to get punishment for the former chief of the Department of Biological Resources at the Ministry of Nature Protection of Ukraine I. Movchan, for his deputy S. Gubar, and for the head of the Committee on Hunting at the State Committee of Forestry of Ukraine N. Shadura because they as officials either promoted the ratification of these unlawful documents or have made nothing to abolish them.

Obviously overestimated data on the number of bison is also a serious problem connected with protection of theses animals. This does not enable to preciously establish the dynamics of decreasing in the number of bison and to conduct urgent and adequate measures on their protection (it seems lies to the data on the number of bison is not only a characteristic for Ukraine but also for Russia and Belarus).

For example, it was officially considered that the number of bison in the Vinnitsa region is a bit more than 100. Our inventory, however, has shown that they are about 70. The same picture was in the Chernigov region. V.Kryzhanovskiy and N.Samchuk, scientists from the Institute of Zoology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, wrote (2004) "... It is to be supposed that the reason of decreasing in the number of bison in Ukraine is probably the overestimate of the data when the inventory is going..."

This is doing because of aspiration to get sanctions to shoot animals for ostensibly selection and to earn money from providing hunting for foreign hunters. Most likely, falsification of the inventory data can possibly explain so quick reduction in the number of bison in the Danev population (the Chernigov region). Since 1994 this state hunting enterprise annually submitted the same parameter concerning the number, namely 70 animals. This figure has decreased up to 13 animals for the last two years, according to aircraft-inventory carried out by the authors in February of 2003".

By the way, the last 13 bison were exterminated in the Chernigov region in 2007 (according to another sources, all of them have ostensibly been sunk).

More problems to protect bison in Ukraine are the next:
- A lack of financing from the budget to study and protect bison;
- A lack of ecological, genetic and veterinary monitoring for bison;
- A lack, as against Russia, Poland and Belarus (and USSR), of the state program on protection of bison;
- Location of Ukrainian bison nearly only on territories of hunting enterprises (instead of especially protected natural territories);
- A lack of interest in protection of bison from the part of Ukrainian Eco-NGOs and businessmen;
- A lack in Ukraine of the nursery for breeding of bison;
- Presence of pragmatic and cynical hunting tendencies in the theory and the practice of protection of animals from the Red Data Book comprising the fact that rare animals, as one of the employees of the Russian WWF office has recently declared, should "earn" themselves for their protection.

Vladimir Boreiko,
the director of the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, Ukraine
July 07, 2007 Electronic dispatch "Green_mov" The 5th July is a black day for environmentalists of Russia

Dear friends, it became known today that our oligarchs have broken through voting of the International Olympic Committee in favour of Sochi. I do not know whether you heard or not that three fourth of the area of the Sochi National Park was cut off "to serve needs" of building of Olympic objects last year, even the area of the World Natural Heritage Site and the Biosphere Reserve "Western Caucasus" is under these plans. The Federal Task Program "Development of Sochi as a mounting-climate resort" breaks false masks from assurances made by the authority that, ostensibly, only sport objects will be build. This is because comfortable hotels, cottages, VIP-resorts, golf-clubs are on a list to build there. Mr. Potanin and Deribasca, as well as Russian company "GasProm" are investors. Under the guise of the Olympiad games, they simply needed to get access to the most tidbits of the natural heritage. By the way, do you know that the Property Management Department of the President is already erecting the comfortable mountain-ski resort "Lunar Glade" on the territory of the Caucasian Reserve? It's in the place where nothing can be done, even a road to lay?! It's clear because the protected lands of Sochi make an untouched mountain area, the largest in Europe. So, this area should be developed. Aha, oligarchs also need to get the sea. This problem is solved in the simple way – a mayor of Sochi has already accepted a decision about "changing property for state needs" (for a separate building complex by Mr. Deribaski) of coastal grounds from inhabitants of the Imeretinskaya lowland, of the region of Sochi. Houses will be demolished and people will be resettle by force.

The monstrous misdeed has taken place by direct approbation and with the help of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Mass-meetings were hold in Sochi, mass-meetings and pickets were in Moscow, three pickets were in St. Petersburg. When members of the IOC visited Sochi, inhabitants and ecologists, despite of cordons earlier unprecedented, have broken to them! Day prior to voting the European Green Party has addressed to the IOC with the request do not choose Sochi. Vainly.

They will now begin to devour protected grounds being pronounced a benediction from the world community.

Sure, a status of national park (I'm already talking about the area of the Ladoga lake) in itself cannot rescue the territory. To rescue it, this can only come from our resoluteness and noble rage. It means our fight was bad since we have not defended Sochi. We shall protect henceforth better. In Sochi, an ecological camp should be placed in order to keep out bulldozers. In the area of the Ladoga lake, ecological camps should be placed nearby sand-pits. It is actually important that we are to be sure of oneself that only our activity will then bring faith for people, including the corporation "Efimovskie sand-pits" and, maybe, they will prefer to quite the area.

Irina Andrianova
July 04, 2007 Website "The National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"" "A maternity home" for frogs

Both mammals and numerous groveling, jumping, buzzing and croaking living creatures are under protection in the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha". Grey and cane toads, grassy and red-belly frogs live in ponds, on meadows, in bogs both in the Pushcha and in its vicinities. After wintering numerous amphibians are grouped migrating in spawning reservoirs. One of these ponds is located at the outskirt of the forest, near the Museum of Nature, on the left of a tourist road which crosses migrating ways of amphibians.

The instinct of life saving attracts tree-frogs to this pond where they can produce caviar. Their funny children – tadpoles – will shortly hatch from smallest berries. And then, by the end of the summer, nimble kids will turn to perfect frogs (see the photo).

Employees of the scientific department of Belovezhskaya Pushcha and scientists from the Polessie Agrarian and Ecological Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus have addressed to the management of the National Park with an offer to build the similar spawning reservoir from other side of the road that to allow the inhabitants of the right-hand meadow to get the own "maternity home" and to avoid the death from wheels of cars running on the road during their migration season.

The offer of scientists was sharing by the Park's management. After making the agreement with nature protection services it is planed to build reservoirs for amphibians. And when designing forest roads, it was decided to provide transitions for amphibians through roads, while it is planned to lay pipes on some parts of the already using road that hedgehogs, toads, frogs and tritons could free migrate from one part of the forest to another. Examples of the attention to "our smaller brothers" already exist in the Vitebsk region where underground transitions for frogs have been constructed on a highway from Minsk to Vitebsk which crosses the territory of the Berezhinski Reserve.

Taisia Skuratova
The photo by Vyacheslav Kravchuk
July 03, 2007 BP-21 Century Website News Service Ruins of a house of culture do not clean till now

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Nearly one month has passed since the day when the house of culture was blown up in Belovezhskaya Pushcha. However, its ruins (a huge heap of broken bricks and concrete) still lay untouched in the middle of the village that creates an awful view for tourists passing by. And the guard which services protection of the National Park (people call it "a local OMON" which means translated a Team of Militia of Special Service) is in constant attendance every night that to prevent any of locals taking ruins to bricks for private hauses and home economies. By the way, locals say that if not the OMON they would already sort the building done it a long time ago, so-called brick by brick, and in this way they would solve the problem which is still too excessive for the National Park. However, it is impossible…

Meanwhile, according to an employee of the National Park, a group of tourists from Germany recently visited Belovezhskaya Pushcha. They specially stopped near the remnants of the blown up house of culture and made photo-pictures. They also told that in their country ruins like this are cleaned for one (!) night. As to us, we are not able to make it for one month (!) That's our life style. However, our life style is growing from the style of our work, from the style of our business and our care about the future…

Heorhi Kazulka
Belovezhskaya Pushcha
July 03, 2007 BP-21 Century Website News Service A woman suspecting of illigal hunting proved to be close to the administration of the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"

In May of 2007, the news appeared in the official Belarusian press about a she-forester and her husband who illegally shot a red deer and a wild boar in Belovezhskaya Pushcha. Proceedings was instituted against them and perpetrators of the crime were imposed a fine of 14.4 million Roubles (~ 7,000 US $). The mass-media did not mention names of infringers. It proved to be that the forest she-officer who headed the Korolevo-Mostovskoe forest area, not the she-forester, was suspecting in poaching on the territory of the Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve.

It also proved to be that this offence is not the first. In particular, in 2005, it was illegally cut down few large living ash trees which were then taken out in unknown direction. The management of the National Park was well aware of the offence done. However, no official measures were taken to punish the perpetrators. It means that the management actually covered this, as well as other offences. According to confidential information from employees of this forest area, cutting down of ash trees was not the only illegal action on timber extraction within the territory of the forest area. Nevertheless, being close to the administration of the Park, she could use to be under its patronage.

Thanks to this situation the forest officer was capable to make a good property for a very few years. She has bought a car and has begun to build a house out of Belovezhskaya Pushcha. However, this is far from being the only case of fast making enrichment for temporary coming managers for the last years.

And suddenly changes like described above happened. What is the reason? People working in the Park say that Mrs. Sereda has failed, not so much because of greed as of impudence. Being “under cover” and benefiting from the patronage of bosses, she began to consider herself an all-powerful person. Her activity got beyond the bounds of the permitted and obviously got open for many involved. And a command “OK” was then given “to catch red-handed”, despite of the fact that the woman already had the maternity leave to that time going to be a mother.

However, these are local rules and manners of those who belong to “a caste of untouched”, who put themselves beyond the Constitution and who actually turned the National Park into a sort of the secret institution. “Pawns” are now only put out. “Kings” and “queens” are still “in the game”. This situation will remind stable until the law restored will to come into power in the country.

Heorhi Kazulka,
PhD of Biology,
Belovezhskaya Pushcha


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Read more detailed about criminal activities in the National Park in the section "Photo-fact"