NEWS ARCHIVE: JUNE 2007

June 30, 2007 Electronic dispatch "Eco_Rus" Extermination of bison in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine (independent investigation by the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, part 5)

Extermination of bison in Ukraine - 2

Like in Belarus, the selectively-commercial hunting for bison is regulated by illegal lawful acts. The distinguish is only that regulations of the Council of Ministers are actual in Belarus while illegal departmental instructions of the Ministry of Nature Protection and of the State Forest Committee are in Ukraine.

On December 19, 1991, the Ministry of Nature Protection of Ukraine authorized "Regulation on the order of registration, certification and licensure for changing location and extraction (catching and shooting) for the purpose of acclimatization of bison". This Regulation is in contravention of the Clause 19 of the Laws of Ukraine "On a Red Data Book of Ukraine" since this Clause does not comprise conducting shooting animals listed in the Red Data Book for selection through the involvement of foreign hunters and subject to payment.

On February 28, 2002, the State Forest Committee of Ukraine has issued the Order "On approval of top-limited price levels for hunting trophies extracted by foreign citizens and of top-limited price levels for services to foreign citizens". This order has illegally defined services for foreign hunters like extraction animals from the Red Data Book of Ukraine - bears and bison, what is also contradicting the Clause 19 of the Laws of Ukraine "On a Red Data Book of Ukraine" which does not allow extraction of trophies of animals listed in the Red Data Book, as well as commercial hunting for species of the Red Data Book. The State Forest Committee of Ukraine has illegally defined by this order that 3,100-3,600 Euros should be paid for extraction of a bison estimated as a gold medal according to the system CIC, 2,600-3,100 Euros are for a bison of a silver medal, 2,100-2,600 Euros are for a bison of a bronze medal, 1,100-1,300 Euros are for a female-bison and 800-1,100 are for a calf of bison.

The selectively-commercial hunting for bison provokes a large-scale poaching. Local chiefs are asking oneself a question "Why hunting for bison is permitted for foreigners whereas it is impossible to us!"

Scales of poaching for bison in Ukraine are simply struck. In the Chernigov region, poachers have shot down 100 bison for the last ten years. The plenty of carcass was transported to the Nizhenski meat-packing plant to produce sausage. In the Sumy region, poachers have killed 6 bison during one hunt nearly six years ago while in the Vinnitsa region 7 bison were killed for one hunting in 1997. In the Volyn region, chiefs holding various posts have killed 175 bison for the last fifteen years. In forests of the Zverovskoe game-hunting enterprise of the Volyn region, 27 killed bison were found between 1992 and 2002 but no one poacher was uncovered. Crime detection regarding poaching for bison has reached a surprising parameter in Ukraine – it is equal nearly zero. One poacher hunted for bison was only detained and was punished in all the country for the last seventeen years. He was a head of one of the district offices of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Vinnitsa region.

Poachers even shoot Polish bison passing the Ukraine-Polish border (the case in the Lvov region in 2006). Poaching is prosperous in spite of the fact that, according to the Ukrainian laws, a penalty of about 800 dollars for murder of bison plus compensation of damage should be paid or it's possible to get three years in prison. As a rule, local chiefs taking up posts heads of administrations, militia, public prosecutors, judges, as well as governors of regions, ministers and national deputies are basically poachers for bison. As Ukraine is one of the most corrupted country in the world, these people are not afraid of punishment for murder of bison.

Moreover, protection of bison, as such as it should be, does not exist in Ukraine. On average, one huntsman of a game-hunting enterprise guards in the area of 3 to 5 thousand hectares. Huntsmen have no vehicles. They, even having heard a shot, are not capable to catch and to detain a poacher for bison. And if a bison has went to graze on farmer fields, this is not already the territory where the huntsman takes responsibility and the bison remains to be without protection at all (or more correctly, it continues "to be under protection of the state") that, as a matter of fact, means "to be protected on paper".

It is also necessary to add that if in Poland, Belarus or Russia the most of bison live in reserves, protected areas for special purposes and national parks, the situation in Ukraine is completely another. All bison, except for 10 animals in the National Park "Skolevskie Beskidy", are actually in the territory of game-hunted enterprises of the State Forest Committee. This either does not promote their protection.

Vladimir Boreiko,
the director of the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, Ukraine
June 28-29, 2007 Electronic dispatch "Eco_Rus" Extermination of bison in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine (independent investigation by the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, part 4)

Extermination of bison in Ukraine

The situation concerning bison in Ukraine is the worst. If their amount in Russia and Belarus is officially getting bigger and official governmental programs and strategies on protection of bison were accepted (the other thing is whether they are working or not working), as well as something is written in the press (especially in Belarus), the situation in Ukraine has no even these attributes.

If in 1995 there were 664 (or 685 according to other sources) bison in Ukraine, in 2005 their amount was 303. For today, according to our data, there are about 200 bison in the country. And their amount continues catastrophically to go down. Poachers and hunters who provide "selection" have completely exterminated the population of bison in the Chernigov region (there were 110 animals), in Rivnensk and Ivano-Frankovsk regions. In the Volyn region 35 bison are now in the population of 205 animals and in the Vinnitsk region 74 bison are of 126 animals. 94 bison are in the Chernovitsk population of 225 animals. And this redaction happened only during the last 10 years.

In opinion of experts, if do not accept urgent measures to protect bison in Ukraine, this species will completely be annihilated in 2 to 4 years.

Despite of the catastrophic situation concerning this rare animal, the Ministry of Nature Protection of Ukraine and the State Forest Committee of Ukraine which are responsible for protection of fauna, have held no one board's meeting to discuss around the protection of bison. Only in May of this year, a joint plan to provide measures for protection of bison was issued but it has neither concrete executors, nor terms and finances. As a matter of fact, this plan is an action written for form only. A Commission consisted of experts on bison was created at the Ministry of Nature Protection at one time. The Commission was never in session for the last four years. Every year the Ministry proceeds to give 2 to 3 sanctions on shooting bison for selection conducted by foreign hunters. By the way, in 1990, about 30 animals have annually been shot "for selection". For example, 36 bison were shot for selection in Ukraine in 1989.

As a matter of fact, in Ukraine there is a public sale of the Law of Ukraine "On a Red Data Book of Ukraine" where the main poacher and seller is the government in the form of the State Forest Committee of Ukraine.

Main actors who are officially responsible for a lack of measures to protect bison in Ukraine are Yaroslav Movchan, the former head of the Department on Protection of Biological Resources at the Ministry of Nature Protection of Ukraine and Sergei Gubar, his currently managing deputy in this Department, as well as Nikolai Shadura, the head of the Department on Hunting at the State Forest Committee of Ukraine. These officials are not yet punished for their inactivity in any way.

It should also be noted that neither Ukrainian press, nor Ukrainian ecological nongovernmental organization literally until recently had no reaction in any way against extermination of bison in their country. Moreover, Sergei Tarashchuk, a head of one of the public organizations – the National Ecological Centre of Ukraine, a member of the National Commission on a Red Data Book of Ukraine and a former chairman of the Public Council at the Ministry of Nature Protection of Ukraine, has even put the signature to recommendations to shoot 5 bison for "selection" in the Vinnitsa region in 2006. That, as a matter of fact, meant to sacrifice new bison to foreign hunters.

The research we carried out shows that extraction of bison as a sort of commercial selection in Ukraine (and by analogy not only in Ukraine) entails infringement of all instructions, accompanied by total-lot corruption and irresponsibility of nature protection, forest and hunting bodies. As a matter of fact, a felonious syndicate involving nature protection bodies and hunting organizations which are engaged in making commercial hunts on bison for foreign hunters is acting under the guise of shooting for selection in Ukraine.

For example, we have revealed in the Vinnitsa region that financial documents on payment to serve hunting by one French hunter were only available in game-hunting enterprises where shooting bison for commercial selection is provided. There were no documents in a book-keeping department to pay for service from other ten hunters that was confirmed by making an appropriate document signed by a bookkeeper of the game-hunting enterprise. According to an instruction, game-hunting enterprises should keep various documentations on bison like an account of young animals, a book to register how bison are used etc. Nothing of these is conducted. According to an instruction, game-hunting enterprises which obtained sanction to shoot bison for selection should send back this sanction with appropriate documents to the Ministry of Nature Protection after the expiration of two- or three-month terms. We together with the chief of "Ecopravo-Kiev" B.Vasilkovskiy looked through documents of the Ministry of Nature Protection and revealed that there are no any returned papers on sanction for shooting bison from game-hunting enterprises. Regarding the sanction on shooting bison for selection, this is a common list of paper with a signature made by a Deputy Minister. No protection rate is present (even a tram ticket in Kiev has some rate of protection) and, therefore, it's very easy to forge this paper. We were aware of cases when few bison were hunted in game-hunting enterprises using one sanction. According to price-lists, hunting for bison in Ukraine costs about 3,500 US dollars, however, actually a hunter pays the sum twice bigger – 7,000 US dollars or 35,000 Grivnas. Half of this sum officially goes to cover the cost the hunting while the rest is paid for obtaining the sanction on shooting for selection in the form of giving bribes to Kiev – to the State Forest Committee and to the Ministry of Nature Protection of Ukraine. By the way, according to the instruction, a hunter pays money for hunting bison by cash.

According to the instruction, 9 percents of the sum to pay for shooting selected bison should go to the Fund of Bison Protection in Ukraine. Since the day of approval of this instruction, that was in December of 1991, and to present day this Fund is not created. It should also be noted that game-hunting enterprises overestimate the data concerning the number of bison in every possible way. For example, game-hunting enterprises of the Vinnitsa region informed that 100 bison lives in the Vinnitsa region. However, our investigation has shown there are now only 74 bison there. We found two heads of bison, without any documents, in a garage of the Vinnitsa Forest-Game-Hunting Enterprise.

These are the persons who hunted for bison as the commercial selection in the Vinnitsa region:
  • December of 1999 - the Putin's Assistant S.Yastrzhembskiy, Russian political scientist S.Karaganov, the Minister of Agriculture of Russia and the general of armoured forces of Russia;
  • December of 2001 - the Moscow businessman O.Andreev;
  • October of 2002 - the citizen of Latvia Varis Sipols;
  • February of 2002 - the businessman E. Kotsubskiy from the city of Vinnitsa;
  • February of 2004 - the citizen of France Jan-Batiste Musso;
  • 2004 - the governor of the Vinnitsa region V.F.Kotsemir;
  • 2006 - the former chairman of the State Forest Committee of Ukraine N.V.Kolesnichenko;
  • May of 2007 - the businessman from Kiev S.Zozulya.
By the way, it is hardly right to call these people who have lifted a gun to kill bison listed in a Red Data Book as the people. This is because how is it possible to kill animals which number is only 200 in Ukraine? This is most likely a pathology, both mental and moral.

I shall note that, as a rule, selector-hunters do not pay money for the murder of sick, lame or squint-eyed bison. The best animals are selected to serve their gun. As huntsmen (Mulyarenko, Kashcheev etc.) from Vinnitsa game-hunting enterprises informed us, one bison living alone is proposed for elimination but the hunting is conducted for completely another bison living in a herd. The herd, first, is easier to find in the winter than the bison walking alone and, secondly, there is the choice.

The quantity of sanctions on so-called shooting bison for selection given by the Ministry of Nature Protection is struck. For example, in the Vinnitsa regiom in the period between 1989 and 2007, 35 to 40 bison were killed because of commercial selection. Hunter-selectors have killed 29 bison in the Volyn region between 1992 and 1999. Selectors from abroad have killed 36 bison in 1989 in Ukraine.

I have called to few hunting websites (in Moscow, Saint Petersburg and Kiev) with the request to organize to me hunting for bison in Ukraine. The answer was as the following - give us your personal data and we organize to you hunting as for much bison as you will want and as for such kind as you will specify.

Thus, the conclusion might be that hunting and hunters are actually the main reason of dramatic decreasing in the number of bison in Ukraine.

Vladimir Boreiko,
the director of the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, Ukraine
June 27, 2007 "Respublika", (The Republic) newspaper, No 117 A deep aproach

Archaeologists plan to make large-scale digs in Belovezhskaya Pushcha. The cultural soil layer will be investigated at once in several places in the area of the rivers of Lesnaya Pravaya and Narev which run trough the territory of the National park.

Our basic task is to create a register of archaeological monuments of the area of Belovezhskaya Pushcha, as well as to study and to use for scientific and tourist purposes a heritage accumulated for thousands of years, Vadim Lakiza, the head of the Department of Archaeology of Primitive Society at the Institute of History of National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, says. He adds that the recent expedition to the Kamenetz district has confirmed that there were settlements there in the Stone and Bronze Ages. Just on the ground we have found some work instruments made from silicon, fragments of ceramics and a rare arrow-head made from silicon. The dig will begin in late June and will be finished in the middle of August.

Nikolai GRADYUSHKO
June 27, 2007 BP-21 Century website news service A House of Culture to blow up in Belovezhskaya Pushcha

Click to enlarge in the new window
Click to enlarge in the new window
On June 9 and 10 of 2007, experts of the Ministry of Emergency have blown up a House of Culture.

The big building which was constructed in the early 90-th got suspension of warm supply after the currently managing administration of the National Park “Belovezhskaya Pushcha” came to governing. The House was then turned to danger-possible conditions and got actually abandon. The empty House of Culture being in the process of gradual destruction created an unattractive image for tourists passed by. Instead of major repairs a decision was taken to blow up the House because of “danger-possible conditions with the risk for the people’s life.” However, the building actually proved to be firmer, stable and well-constructed than expected. Few (!) blasts were necessary to turn it to ruin.

In the place of the House of Culture blown up, there are plans to build the new one within the framework of the state program of house-building in the countryside, so-called agro-town-building.

More detail about how the House of Culture was blown up and about problems which existed before this even, please read and look at photos in the article by Heorhi Kazulka "Culture of Belovezhskaya Pushcha to be ruined!" and in the section "Photo-fact" at the page "A destroyed and then blown up House of Culture in Belovezhskaya Pushcha"
June 26, 2007 Information Agency "BelTA" In the National Park "Pripyatski" to open safari-routes

Stepan Bambiza, the general director of the National Park "Pripyatski", said to a BelTA's reporter that works on implementation of a project of the duration of five years have already begun. The interlocutor explained that development of safari-tourism presupposes creation of a special habitat zone for wild animals which can freely be observed by tourists. And visitors of the Park can learn wild nature avoiding disturbance to its inhabitants.

According to Stepan Bambiza, it is planned to create few safari-routes of various distance. For this purpose fencing the area about 3,500 hectares is already complete. Special platforms and forage fields where 15 bison, 400 wild boars, about 50 red deer and 50 elks and about 100 roe deer already live are created there .

The general director added that the nearest plans of the Park's management are also to create a farm-yard to provide habitat for home animals which are already exotic for many of city-dwellers.
June 26-27, 2007 Electronic dispatch "Eco_Rus" Extermination of bison in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine (independent investigation by the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, part 3)

Extermination of bison in Belarus

In Belarus, as against Russia and Ukraine where bison are still shot semi-secretly and semi-officially masking it under "shooting for selection", the illness has passed to the second stage, the most cynical and destructive. In this country bison is already officially under hunting in national parks and national reserves. So, hunting for bison listed in a Red Data Book is officially permitted by the government of the country.

In Belarus, bison is not simply an animal listed in the Red Data Book. This is a distinctive symbol of the country and, therefore, hunting for bison, as a matter of fact, is destruction of moral principles of Belarusian people and extirpation of one of the popular symbols of the country. Time will surely come when Lukashenko and his hunter-half-educated persons will pay for this.

The fact should also be noted that, as against Russians or Ukrainians who are actually indifferent to annihilation of bison in their countries, Belarusians, despite of the totalitarian political regime in the country, continue to put up heroic resistance against attempts of the Lukashenko's government to shoot down bison in exchange for currency of foreign hunters. Books and publications by the Belarusian writer Valery Dranchuk, the website by Heorhi Kazulka (http://bp21.org.by/), articles in press by A Fillipovich, S.Bartoshevich, V.Kozlovich and other Belarusian journalists are an example to this statement.

In Belarus, tens of hunting websites which invite foreign tourists to hunt for bison in hunting game grounds, reserves and national parks of the country are operating. Every hunting exhibition places special stands of Belarusian national parks and the Berezinski Reserve offering hunting services to kill bison. Russian website "Interpromservice" offers hunting for bison in the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" in the period from November to March of the duration of 5 days. The cost of the tour is 7,615 US $ for one man. The export of the trophy abroad costs 100 US $. The organizers promise to put under shot a beautiful trophy bison estimated with a silver medal according to the system CIC, not any of ill or lame bison. The Russian company "Imperial Hunt" offers through the Internet "We organize hunting in game grounds of the Property Management Department of the President of Belarus... In 2001, a hunter from Finland, for example, has extracted bison estimated at 179 points according to the system CIC. In the hunting season of 2001, bison of various trophy qualities were extracted at request of hunters". As a matter of fact, going in this way and using foreign hunters, the best gene fond of bison is shot.

For example, the fact that Moscow businessman Alexander Kotelkin has recently killed bison in Belarus which was estimated at 63 4\8 points, that is one point more than the officially registered world record in the system SCI, can serve the confirmation that in Belarus the best gene fund of bison is exterminated when so-called "shooting for selection" by selector-fans from abroad is provided.

Extraction of bison taken place in Belarus shows a growing trend. In the Volozhin Experimental Timber Enterprise, for example, 10 bison were extracted from 1999 to 2002. Foreign "selectors" annually kill 2 to 3 bison in the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha".

In 2006, in Belarus, 12 bison got official permission to be shot. Apart from official hunting for bison, poaching should also be mentioned. For example, in April of 2001, two employees of the forest guard (a woman was one of them) have killed a bison weighing 600 kg in the Grodno region near the village of Pereseltsy. In November of 2006, two Swiss hunters, officially hunting in the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" for wild boars, have killed a female-bison with a calf. (In a recently published book "Ethics and management of wildness protection" I warned about dangerous and negative things which can be happened when so-called "integration of specially protected natural areas into social and economic development of regions" will be in progress. We see the very good confirmation of this statement in Belarus).

The government is, however, the main poacher for bison in Belarus.

On April 21, 1999, the Council of Ministers of Belarus has taken a decision numbered 560 "On additional measures for use and protection of bison" which contradicts the law. By this decision all bison were divided in Belarus into two categories – a reserved group and a basic group. Bison from the reserved group which live in hunting game grounds were attributed to hunting species and a common hunting for them, not even under the guise of selection, is permitted. Bison living in reserves and national parks were ascribed to the basic category. They can be hunted only under the guise of "selection". Thus, the government of Belarus has brutally broken a Regulation on Red Data Book of Belarus and on a Belarusian Law "On protection and use of fauna" because these documents do not give the background for dividing species listed in a Red Data Book onto two categories, one of which becomes to serve hunting.

On April 6, 2006, the Council of Ministers of Belarus has taken one more decision numbered 466, which also contradicts the law, "On measures for realization of the Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus issued on December 8 and numbered 580" which defines prices for foreign hunters, namely that to kill a bison from a Red Data Book it should be paid up to 4,000 dollars.

However, all of these shouldn't be surprised - in the country where human rights are brutally broken, the rights of animals, even from the Red Data Book, are also brutally broken.

In conclusion of this brief review of the situation in Belarus it is necessary to give publicity to a name of one of the main ideologists of hunting for Belarusian bison, namely to the head of the Department of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Protection Mr. V.Korenchuk. This man who in his official capacity should protect bison is nearly the key propagandist in Belarus and defender of commercial hunting for bison listed in the Red Data Book.

Vladimir Boreiko,
the director of the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, Ukraine
June 25, 2007 Electronic dispatch "Eco_Rus" Extermination of bison in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine (independent investigation by the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, part 2)

Extermination of bison in Russia

From 1992 to 2007 the number of bison in Russia has fallen from 569 to 380 animals. The year of 1998 was the most dramatic when the number of bison has fallen to the level of 274 animals. Populations of bison which lived in the Assinskiy protected area of special purpose and in the Sunzhenskoe Hunting Game-Ground were completely annihilated. There is information that the Mordvinian Reserve has lost its bison. In the Tzeyskiy Reserve the number of bison reduced 6 times less. To kill bison listed in a Red Data Book is getting more and more popular among political, business and music elite. For example, Russian movie star Elena Proklova declared in a recent interview that she has a stuffed bison in the drawing room. S.Yastrzhemskiy, the Putin's assistant, the political scientist S.Karaganov, the Moscow businessman O.Andreev etc are engaged in murder of bison. Tens of hunting websites propagandizing and offering hunting for bison in Russia - in the Altay kray and Kabardino-Balkariya, in the vicinity of the city of Saint-Petersburg - are available in the cyberspace. The website "Safari" from Saint-Petersburg offers hunting for bison in Russia at the cost of 4,000 dollars. There are already 4 registered trophies of bison in a SCI (International Society of Hunters) Record Book which was extracted in Russia. Bison become victims of poachers more and more often. For example, in November of 2006, unknown persons have killed 2 bison in the Caucasian Reserve. However, so-called shooting for "selection" brings most serious losses for the population of bison. This is a common commercial hunting going under pretext of selection. By the way, the shooting for selection as "a way of protection of bison" is recommended in the Strategy of conservation of bison in Russia developed by WWF and by the Russian Academy of Sciences.

In 1998 the Government of Russia has issued a decree numbered 859 "On modification in the Resolution of the Government of Russian Federation from December 26, 1995, the number 1289" in which hunting for mountain bison (this bison has 6 percents of the blood from American bison) is permitted. As a result, the number of mountain bison was reduced in Russia from 1,300 to 400 animals for two years and proceeds to be falling. Nevertheless, Russian press, basically using information from Russian WWF, doesn't pay attention to the serious problem of protection of bison in Russia and gets off with brave brief articles.

Vladimir Boreiko,
the director of the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, Ukraine
June 24, 2007 Electronic dispatch "Eco_Rus" Extermination of bison in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine (independent investigation by the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, part 1)

Dear friends, the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center has gathered information about extermination of bison in the countries of CIS - Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, resulted from the long-term independent investigation and supported by the Ecopravo-Kiev Center. Note that bison is listed in an International Red Data Book, in European Red Data List, in Red Data Books of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. Hunting for bison is forbidden.

Nevertheless, the number of bison in Ukraine was reduced 2 to 3 times less for the last fifteen years and proceeds catastrophically to go down. The situation concerning bison in Russia is near the same. In Belarus its number goes up, however, commercial hunting for bison is officially and unlawfully permitted. Bison in Russia and Ukraine is also under shooting. In all three countries unlawful instructions and decrees to hunt bison are issued. Nature protection governmental bodies were actually got out of issues regarding protection of bison. Mass-media, not only in Belarus, lie or keep silence. Ecological non-governmental organizations are not interested in bison or, like in Ukraine, are involved in coordination of commercial hunting for bison on the pretext of shooting for "selection". The WWF Moscow office has developed a Strategy of protection of bison in Russia in which selective shooting as one of the measures for protection of bison is recommended. That is actually the hunting. Market relations supported by some of ecological NGOs, and by some zoologists and hunting managers dealing with nature protection, also contribute to extermination of bison and others species listed in a Red Data Book.

In the next parts of the investigation we will discuss these issues in more details.

We support eather distribution of this information through mass-media, press and websites, as well as we are glad of any additional facts concerning the topic raised. We hope to attract attention of our colleagues regarding issues on protection of bison in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine. We want to remind that in 1927 bison was already near the complete dying when only 52 animals remained to be in the world. Fortunately, nature conservators have managed to rescue bison in that time.

Vladimir Boreiko,
the director of the Kiev Ecological and Cultural Center, Ukraine
June 22, 2007 Website "Charter'97" A criminal case against the director of the Berezinski Biosphere Reserve

The prosecutor office of the Vitebsk region has instituted legal proceedings against the director of the Berezinski Biosphere Reserve after investigation provided by divisions on fighting with economic crimes from the Department of Internal Affairs and from the Lepel District Office of Internal Affairs .

The director of the Reserve is under suspicion of that being in the period from June to September last year he has permitted hunting in the forbidden time. The loss done to the state because of this action is estimated at 20.5 million Roubles (~ 12,000 US $), the "Electronic Borisov" informs referring to the press-service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
June 22, 2007 Electronic dispatch "Green_mov" The government of Russia has created national parks for the first ten days of June of 2007 three times more than for all previous seven years.

INFORMATION ON REFLECTION

By the way, the government of Russia has created national parks for the first ten days of June of 2007 three times more than for all previous seven years. This example is not given for discussion about what kind of technologies underlay so impressing activity but only to underline the fact that after having understood rules it is possible to plan and to get result. (A. Fedorov (the city of Samara), from the correspondence in the electronic dispatch "Eco_Rus".)

BY THE WAY, ABOUT NATIONAL PARKS

On June 2, 2007, the Government of Russian Federation has announced creation of the National park "Buzulukskiy Bor". It's a very good business. Progressive people of the Orenburg province, in particular, the Institute of Steppe of the Ural Regional Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences headed by the corresponding member A. Chibilev, fought for its creation for few years. However, some confidential strangeness appeared around vanity of this event. The Park's area was then defined more preciously. It proved to be that the size has naturally shown the reduction for 7,000 hectares. It was done in the center of the Park, not at its edge, exactly around oil well derricks which for strange circumstance belong to one of the oil-pumping companies. This company services a local governor of the Orenburg province who is a member of the governing board with the monthly salary of 17,000 $. He together with the Minister of Natural Resources and more few persons very requiring in improving their grounds around derricks, they own them as well, got "the patrimonial estate". Eye-witnesses, that mean evil tongues and envious persons rumouring round the director of the Ural Regional Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, say that he got a new foreign car, but the only one, as a gift for the help in basing the elimination of the patch of land which is already "unnecessary" for the park. Having done a deal, they have begun to look for the next object to create the new national park.

So let's give more parks, good and requisite to the country and to the best people living there.

The eye-witnesses from Orenburg
June 06, 2007 BP-21 Century's Website News Service A final meeting of the Project "Pushcha for Bicycles"

On May 26-27, 2007 a final meeting (seminar) of the Project "Pushcha for Bicycles" was held in the Polish village of Siemianowka. More than 40 experts, naturalists and representatives of involved parties from Poland and Belarus have assembled for the meeting. As a program of the meeting, results of the Project "Pushcha for Bicycles" were summarized and concepts of development of the bicycle tourism in the Euro-region "Belovezhskaya Pushcha", both for Polish and Belarusian sides, were presented. Presentations made during the seminar covered prospects of development of the bicycle tourism in Belovezhskaya Pushcha and issues of how to prevent negative impact from tourism to the protected forest, how to integrate the bicycle tourism into a general scheme of development of tourism in the region of Belovezhskaya Pushcha and how to popularize the bicycle tourism which contributes to the healthy life style. Experts have shared their experience about development of the bicycle tourism in European countries.

Participants of the Project and the seminar have unanimously supported the idea of priority for development of the bicycle tourism in Belovezhskaya Pushcha as an alternative to the tourism with cars which causes serious damage to preservation of the primordial nature.

The public Project "Pushcha for Bicycles" was implemented jointly by a "WWF" regional office (World Wild Fund for a living planet) (Poland) together with the Brest Geographical Society (Belarus) within the framework of the program of the Euro-region "Belovezhskaya Pushcha". The project was co-financed from the European Fund for Regional Development in the frames of the Poland-Belarus-Ukraine Neighbourhood Program INTERREG IIIA/Tacis CBC 2004-2006 as well as from means of the Polish state budget, under the patronage of Bialowieza Forest Euroregion.

More about the final meeting and an excursion in the Polish part of the Bialowieza Forest, please learn from "the Photo-reporting be Heorhi Kazulka".
June 04, 2007 Website "The National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"" A Venus' Gold Bootee

"A Venus' Bootee" has broken into blossom in Belovezhskaya Pushcha. This plant (the Lady's Slipper, Cypripedium calceolus in Latin) is the very rare and threatened species listed into an International Red Data Book. This is an occasion for botanists and true fans of flora again to admire with beauty of a natural sculptor, to take a camera in hands and to make a picture of this miracle-flower reminding either a bootee of a man of the common people or a lady's slipper. However, everyone has an imagination in his own.

A legend says that during a hunting Venus and Adonis was found themselves under thunder-storm. They have hidden from rain in a secluded place and were abandoned to their love. A man passed by. He has not seen the goddess and her beloved, but he has looked at a Venus' gold bootee lying on a ground. As soon as the mortal has held out his hand to lift the bootee the last has turned into a flower reminding of a slipper…

In the century before last the baskets full of these gently-yellow flowers have been delivered for sale when fairs in Poland, while the plant has nearly disappeared in Europe in the 21st century and is now under protection of an International convention.

A population of the divine flower from the family Orchids was placed in Belovezhskaya Pushcha near to the bog Dikoe (Wild) on marsh islands with sufficient amount of water. Nikolai Cherkas, a junior researcher of the National Park, together with scientists from the Institute of Zoology of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Belarus have carried out inspection of marsh lands and has found out a new place of habitat of the Lady's Slipper. This is good news to all connoisseurs and fans of nature on the eve of a International Day of Protection of Biodiversity.

T. Skuratova, the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"
The picture shows blossoming Lady's Slippers.
June 04, 2007 Website "The National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"" What is to start the River of Yaselda

The 5th June is a World Day of Environment.

Old maps of Belovezhskaya Pushcha of 1868 clearly design a mouth of the river of Gods. A small brook begins its way from a fragile spring in the bog of Dikoe (Wild) and runs to south-east with getting great navigation across open expanses of the Polessie area and brining water to the Black Sea. Investigating places of habitat of day birds of prey on the bog as a research program, Nikolai Cherkas, a junior researcher of the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" together with researches of the Institute of Zoology of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Belarus have set out for sources of the river of Yaselda to carry out scheduled scientific researches.

The scientists, naturally, have not found the mouth of the river because a drainage cannel passes across the place where the river was born. The area of the Dikoe bog which managed to be defended in the early 70th by having built bypass cannels has being shaped untouched. The bog has avoided tragic fate because it belonged to protected areas of special purpose. At the same time, the natural boundary where the rivers Narev and Yaselda originated was drained. People tell that a chairman of a local collective farm, having ignored arguments of scientists and the public about inadmissibility of any drainage works in order do not ruin the unique site, has autocratically conducted drainage lead(carried out) ìåëèîðàöèþ. And the saddest is that a part of lands is now abandoned and are not used for the purpose of producing big crops. The local population has made paths in all directions to pick cranberry, great bilberry and other gifts of the bog. Small brooks run near these paths that then to join to the drainage cannel and to be dissolved in it, like that small brook which originated Yaselda forty years ago.

The territory which houses the Dikoe bog with adjacent lands became a part of Belovezhskaya Pushcha and got a status of protected zone, under a decision of the President of the Republic of Belarus, "lungs" of Europe can quietly "sigh". Moreover, the relevant statutory Regulation on the National Park forbids realization any works within its territory including drainage ones. Especially it concerns to peat which is forbidden for digging, despite of development of a state program "Peat" which was written in the newspaper "Sovetskaya Byelorussia" about. The buffer zone created around the bog also belongs to the National Park. Clear cuttings, drainage, extracting natural deposits are also forbidden there.

After swamped areas were given to the Pushcha the size of the bog has increased in 1,000 hectares, in comparison with the protected area of special purpose. and it now makes 8,200 hectares of unique lands for nesting birds and growing rare species of plants, from which over 50 ones are of valuable medicinal and food importance.

As the researches of the National Park consider, bogs are a laboratory for scientists to study rare and threatened species of flora and fauna. As to the statistic, it says that bogs are regulators of climate, the source of water, oxygen, peat and food. All arguments are for preservation of marsh areas including the Dikoe bog which have originated the Belarusian river of Yaselda.

T.Skuratova
The National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"