NEWS ARCHIVE: JANUARY 2012

January 29, 2012 Website "The State Nature Protection Establishment "The National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"" Feeding the animals

Winter is a harsh time for wild animals. Feeding of wild ungulates is conducted after snowfall and with cold weather in order to avoid losses and to preserve them. Hay, corn silage, beet pulp, grain (oats, corn, barley) and twigs of the artichoke are spread in the places of their winter habitats. In addition, fields with winter and spring crops are specially cultivated for the forest dwellers.

In order to feed bison, red and roe deer, about 200 feeders were constructed in Belovezhskaya Pushcha, and more than 120 stationary feeding sites for pigs, with feeding gardens for the young. Mineral additive are included in the diet of animals. More than 200 saline plots where laid-briquetted salt is used were created. The animals consume more than 10 tons of it during the year.

Good stocks of food were made for this winter. It includes nearly a half thousand tons of grain, hay and corn silage that will allow the animals to survive in the winter.
January 21, 2012 Website "The State Nature Protection Establishment "The National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"" For conservation of biodiversity of Belovezhskaya Pushcha, and not only for it

The staff of the scientific department of the National Park has got good results in the past year.

They conducted researches in eight subject sections of the scientific theme "Scientific Basis for Conservation and Management of Natural Complexes of Belovezhskaya Pushcha." The results of studies were published in more than 20 scientific papers including the monograph "The Bison in Belarus" (by Sc.D. Peter Kozlov and Ph.D. Alexei Bunevich). The scientists of the National Park took part in 5 international scientific and practical conferences. The popularization of knowledge was either not forgotten - 10 scientific and popular articles and brief news were published in the printed media, 16 appearances on radio and televisions were held and 18 thematic maps were developed. In addition, 8 promotional brochures, guidebooks and booklets were issued and 3 ecological trails were arranged. Nearly 25 thematic, scientific and ecological tours with foreign groups from Germany, Poland, Lithuania, Russia, Bulgaria, Belgium, France, Hungary, England, Austria and Spain were served. The research carried nearly 400 excursions for tourists during the mass visiting period in the National Park.

Now the scientists summarize their researches' results and develop plans for the future.
January 21, 2012 Website "The State Nature Protection Establishment "The National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"" Court instead of holiday

Time of Christmas holidays was particularly stressful for employees of the National Park engaged in its protection. Actions taken for the strengthened protection of the National Park have yielded results. There were two cases to detain poachers and confiscate shotguns. The appropriate documents were prepared and submitted for consideration by the Svisloch district's court.
January 20, 2012 Website "Zombie Box" The day before 160 Belarusian tourists departed from Minsk to Belovezhskaya Pushcha in a special train.

It is narrated by Alexei Kondratenko.
It is from Minsk to the capital of Christmas tale and back in 24 hours. To get to the estate of Father Frost in Belovezhskaya Pushcha is now possible using an exclusive transport. It's a locomotive and five cars, instead of reindeer and sleigh, called "New Year Express" - a special tourist train on the route Minsk–Belovezhskaya Pushcha-Minsk. The Tourist Center "Dortur" of the Minsk Branch of the Belarusian Railways is an organizer.

"Express" is a walk to the highest in Europe Christmas spruce tree, and visiting the museum of gifts and glade of fairy tales. The children are already knows exactly who they want to see. By the way, 160 adults and children as being in the train will be served in the car compartment. This New Year's daily marathon is not very expensive – 250,000 Rubles (~$ 32) for adults and 200,000 (~$ 25) for children.

The next special tourist train will travel on the route Minsk-Mogilev-Brest-Minsk in May. The trip will be topical as the Belarusian Railways celebrates the 150-year anniversary this year.
January 18, 2012 Website "Pruzhany - the Town's Site" Theft of wood in Belovezhskaya Pushcha - a forester took one half, and what is about the second one?

On September 10, it was reported from the management of the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" that 15 cubic meters of timber has been disappeared in the Suhopolskoe forest area. As it became known, 9 cubes meters took a local forester. Who took the rest of wood? It is to be found in the course of a criminal investigation.

Source:The District Weekdays

January 17, 2012 Website "Virtual Brest" Brest authorities concerned with roadside service

The governor of the Brest region Konstantin Sumar considers inadequate roadside service facilities in the region. In his opinion, such facilities should be designed not only to major transportation lines but also to the main roads of local importance.

The infrastructure of roadside service in the Brest region should be developed further in the current year. Such a task was put at a meeting of the Brest Regional Executive Committee by its chairman Konstantin Sumar, as BelTA learned.

According to Konstantin Sumar, roadside service in the region is not well enough developed. Places where people traveling by car might stay overnight, have dine or buy essential goods are not enough on the roads that pass through the territory of the region. The obvious disadvantage is that the existing service facilities are located unevenly, usually in urban areas.

Highways of international and national significance in the Brest region, the section of motorway M1 Brest-Minsk-Russian border and the bypass road around the perimeter of the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" in the first place, are the primary ones for the development of motorway service areas.

Weekly
January 13, 2012 Website "My BY" Belarusian and Polish scientists study the migration of lynxes in Belovezhskaya Pushcha

Belarusian and Polish scientists carry out joint research of the lynxes' migration and the impact of this predator on populations of wild ungulates. BelTA learned it from Deputy Director on science of the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" Vasily Arnolbik.

According to the last accounting, about 20 lynxes live in Belovezhskaya Pushcha. Both Polish and Belarusian parts of Forest are their permanent habitat. For observations, Polish specialists mark lynxes with special radio collars, and then use the navigation equipment to monitor their movement. During these observations the species of animals that have become their prey are also established.

Currently, scientists are monitoring the three lynxes which were marked with such transmitters in the Polish part of Belovezhskaya Pushcha. It turned out that two of them regularly come to hunt in the Belarusian part of Forest. Our Polish colleagues recently reported that one lynx crossed the border and went deep into the Belarusian territory. The predator did not leave a small area in the Dmitrovichi forestry during a few days. This means that it successfully hunted. As a rule, the predator is not going away from its prey during 4 to 6 days, until the meat is still fairly fresh.

Researchers of the National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" visited the hunt area of the lynx and found the eating remains of the beast. A one-and-a-half-year-old female of red deer was used for the dinner on the Belarusian territory. It was also established that the lynx guarded its prey after hunting by hiding in two hundred meters away. However, the predator as being in the wild nature seldom eats the prey alone. In this case, wild boars found its prey and shared the meal remains with the foreign guest.

According to Vasily Arnolbik, scientists who have dedicated themselves to study Belovezhskaya Pushcha on both sides of the border have quite a close cooperation. In particular, joint researches cover not only the migration of lynxes but also the bison population. It is planned the development of joint projects on the genetic study of roe deer, raccoon dogs and dormouse.

Source belta.by
January 13 to 19, 2012 "Brestskaya Gazeta" (The Brest Newspaper) newspaper, No 2 Tourists are storming Belovezhskaya Pushcha in winter

More than 100,000 tourists visited Belovezhskaya Pushcha during the New Year and Christmas holidays.

Every year the National Park becomes more and more attractive for domestic and foreign tourists, especially in winter, in December and January. There is a boom in attendance at this time.

Let's compare, according to the tourism department of the National Park, about 380 thousand people visited the Park in 2011. In December of 2011 and January of 2012, this reserved area of the wild nature was attended by over 100 thousand people.

There is no doubt that this is because the residence of Father Frost is very popular for our foreign land and tourists in pre- and post-New Year holidays. In December 2011, due to the influx of visitors, the main winter character had to work from morning to late evening. According to the Belarusian Telegraph Agency, about 100 visits of the tourists' groups to the estate were daily in December weekend. They are usually rarely more than 30 in other says.

All in all, according to the National Park, over 700 thousand people visited the residence of Santa Claus for 8 years.
January 12, 2012 Website "The State Nature Protection Establishment "The National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"" Lynx came to "collect gifts on Christmas"

As we reported on our website, Belarusian and Polish scientists carry out the joint research of lynx migration and impact of this predator on populations of wild ungulates in Belovezhskaya Pushcha. For this purpose, lynxes are mark with special radio collars. Then, using navigational instruments, their movements are registered and the species of animals that have become their prey are determined. Three lynxes were marked with such transmitters in the Polish part of Belovezhskaya Pushcha. It turned out that two of them come to hunt in the Belarusian part of the forest. Our Polish colleagues recently reported that one lynx crossed the border and went deep into the Belarusian territory. It did not leave a small area in the Dmitrovichi forestry near the village of Rozhkovka during a few days. This means that it successfully hunted. It is because this beast is not going away from its prey during 4 to 6 days, until the meat is fresh enough.

After leaving the "scene", researchers of the National Park have discovered the eating remains of the beast. It was a one-and-a-half-year-old female of red deer. It was established that after hunting the lynx guarded its prey by hiding in two hundred meters away. However, wild boars found its prey and shared the meal remains with the foreign guest.

The further study will show the next route of the lynx.

January 12, 2012 Website "The State Nature Protection Establishment "The National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"" Animals' inventory

Winter is the season when accounting of animals on the "white trail" is conducted. For this purpose, several regular routes, each of 10 km, are planned in the different types of lands. Accountants go there and draw all occurrences of the tracks on a paper. By counting the number of tracks of each animal species and grouping them, the size of their populations can be calculated. Long-term data from accountings characterize the trend in the numbers of each species.

In addition, adult males of red deer are accounted during the mating roar period (the wedding time) in the autumn, simultaneously throughout the forest by using their voice. Elks in rut can be counted in the same way.

Additional registration of wild ungulates is made on feeding, saline and watering plots in the winter where the most part of animals is normally concentrated.

The double route-accounting method was developed and used in Belovezhskaya Pushcha. It lasts two consecutive days. Before taking into account, all older tracks on the ground are cleaned out. New tracks that are appearing on the first day of accounting are mapped with a red pencil, and arrows indicate their direction. Then the tracks are cleaned out. The same is done for the second or third day of the inventory. Additions are marked with a blue pencil. When processing the data, this allows to establish the true number of animals living in a certain area but not showing the tracks in the first or second day, and then to compare the results. The double registration is enough to determine the number of animals up to 20% of data accuracy.

Although this year's winter is in no hurry to cover the ground with snow, the staff of the National Park is getting ready to take the inventory and determine the number of animals within the protected area.
January 12, 2012 Website "The State Nature Protection Establishment "The National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha"" The first results of the New Year holidays

Belovezhskaya Pushcha is an ancient fairy-tale forest which attracts visitors throughout the year.

But it enjoys the greatest popularity in the New Year period, as the real Belarusian Grandfather Frost lives here and children and adults go to him for gifts and New Year wishes. Not only our people but also foreign nationals are pleased to spend the New Year holidays here. The most number of guests are from Russia, Ukraine and Poland. In general, more than 100 thousand people visited the National Park over the winter holidays. All hotels were completely filled with and coaches constantly plied to the Estate of Belarusian Father Frost. Excursions in the Museum of Nature and zoo enclosures with native and exotic animals were also popular. Staff of cafes, bars and restaurants was hospitable to serve visitors. The recently opened House of Grandfather Frost, with traditional dishes of Pushcha, was especially popular among them.
January 11, 2012 Website "Wild Nature" Today is a World Day of Reserves and National Parks

World Day of Reserves and National Parks has been celebrated since 1997. The initiative of this celebration belongs to the Russian Center for Wildlife Conservation and World Wildlife Fund (WWF).

January 11, 1917 the world's first state strict reserve – Barguzinsky - was created. It was founded on Lake Baikal in Russia in order to preserve Barguzin sable and other animals. This date became later the day of celebration of protected areas.

The idea of the first reserves in the early twentieth century put the fundamental principles that now make the concept of "strict reserve" - reserves must be created in perpetuity, to be research institutions, and to have national significance.

Classical concepts of nature protection have been formulated in the late XIX and early XX centuries by I. Borodin, V. Dokuchaev, G. Kozhevnikov, V. Sukachev and other prominent Russian scientists. Strict reserves as standards for the nature were established on the landscape and geographical basis. The principle of human noninterference into the nature was recognized the main principle.

National parks as another category of protected areas first appeared in the U.S. in the late XIX century. In the Soviet Union, they have proliferated in the second half of the XX century.

The first strict reserve in Belarus, Berezinsky, was established in 1925 to save the beavers, being close to extinction, and other species. Belovezhskaya Pushcha became the first national park, as reorganizing eponymous protected game hunting ground in 1991.

Currently, there is one strict nature reserve in Belarus, Berezinsky, and 4 national parks - "Belovezhskaya Pushcha", "Pripyatsky", "Braslav Lakes" and "Narochanskiy." Their total area is 2.3% of the country. The surface of strictly protected patches, where the economic activity is completely banned, is at present less than 1% of the total area of our country. Creation of new strict nature reserves and national parks in Belarus is not planned in coming years.

A. Rayevskaya, Belarusian Green Portal
January 11, 2012 "Respublika" (The Republic) newspaper, No 257 Letter in an envelope

Last year, Santa Claus in Belovezhskaya Pushcha received 20,000 letters.

There was said in the Museum of Nature of the National Park that usually letters and crafts for Santa Claus begin actively to be sent in September, and the culmination of a marathon of wishes is coming in December. For example, about 6,000 envelopes were received in the Santa's residence over the last week of 2011. All in all, about 20,000 letters were sent to Pushcha this season.

Children are the authors of most of them, though letter to Santa Claus come sometimes even from the army. Dreams of the Belarusian kinds are very similar this year - the girls are basically asking dolls "Winx" and "Reiterate-speaker" and boys want helicopters with remote control. Adults, who whished to write to the country's main winter wizard, have less tangible desires - many of them want to meet their second half (woman) in the coming year.

Now magical fairies read a huge pile of messages. Then they will write a response for each of the letters. Then the envelopes with the dreams will be placed in the Santa Claus's Store House, where thousands of children's wishes are stored in large chests since 2003.

Catherine Panteleyeva